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Sensory afferent neurons in the gastrointestinal mucosa regulate neuropeptides [calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), substance P, etc.], which play various physiologic roles and are gastroprotective. To determine whether the pharmacologic effects of Dai-kenchu-to (DKCT) on the gastrointestine are due to changes in gastrointestinal mucosa regulatory(More)
Toll-like receptors (TLRs) 3, 7, 8, and 9 are localized to intracellular compartments where they encounter foreign or self nucleic acids and activate innate and adaptive immune responses. The endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-resident membrane protein, UNC93B1, is essential for intracellular trafficking and endolysosomal targeting of TLR7 and TLR9. TLR8 is(More)
Dai-kenchu-to has been used for the treatment of abdominal obstructions, including bowel obstructions and a feeling of coldness in the abdomen. We reported that Dai-kenchu-to increases plasma neuropeptide [motilin, vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP), serotonin, calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), and substance P]-like immunoreactive substances (IS)(More)
Regarding the gastroprotective function as a neural emergency system, sensory afferent neurons in the gastrointestinal mucosa regulate neuropeptide (calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), substance P, etc.) levels, and those peptides play various physiological roles. To determine whether the pharmacological effects of Hange-shashin-to and Rikkunshi-to on(More)
Several studies have shown that renal failure decreases CYP3A activity and that uremic toxins may play a role via transcriptional or translational modifications of cytochrome P450 (P450) enzymes and direct inhibition of P450-mediated metabolism. In this study, we evaluated the relationship between CYP3A activity (using plasma concentration of(More)
Several previous studies have shown that renal failure decreases not only renal elimination but also metabolic clearance of drugs, particularly those metabolized by CYP3A. However, whether recovery of renal function results in recovery of hepatic CYP3A activity remains unknown. In this study, we evaluated the effect of renal function on CYP3A activity after(More)
Federation is an identity management model in which various tasks associated with an identity transaction are distributed among the actors involved in the transaction. This model works from the premise that distributing tasks among the actors can achieve usability and privacy advantages for the user, as well as business efficiencies for businesses or(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to establish the population protein binding parameters of valproic acid (VPA) in patients with epilepsy receiving VPA monotherapy and those receiving VPA combined with other antiepileptic drugs. METHODS One hundred and thirty nine data sets from 63 Japanese patients with epilepsy were analysed. These patients were(More)
Rikkunshi-to, a gastrointestinal function regulatory traditional Chinese herbal (Kampo) medicine, has recently been evaluated for its clinical usefulness in stress and depression. This medicine has modulatory effects on the hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal axis and autonomic nervous function. We examined the effect of Rikkunshi-to and the other(More)
Some traditional Chinese herbal (Kampo) medicines have recently been evaluated for their clinical usefulness in stress and depression. These medicines have modulatory effects on the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis and sympathetic nervous system (SNS). We examined the effects of Rikkunshi-to, Hange-shashin-to, Hange-koboku-to, and Ninjin-to on plasma(More)