Hiroki Itoh

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The effect of the histamine H2-receptor antagonist, nizatidine, on plasma concentrations of paracetamol has been investigated with respectto hepatic metabolism. Paracetamol (1000 mg) together with 300 or 150 mg nizatidine or placebo was orally administered to five healthy male volunteers. Venous blood samples were taken before and after administration.(More)
Toll-like receptors (TLRs) 3, 7, 8, and 9 are localized to intracellular compartments where they encounter foreign or self nucleic acids and activate innate and adaptive immune responses. The endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-resident membrane protein, UNC93B1, is essential for intracellular trafficking and endolysosomal targeting of TLR7 and TLR9. TLR8 is(More)
Sensory afferent neurons in the gastrointestinal mucosa regulate neuropeptides [calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), substance P, etc.], which play various physiologic roles and are gastroprotective. To determine whether the pharmacologic effects of Dai-kenchu-to (DKCT) on the gastrointestine are due to changes in gastrointestinal mucosa regulatory(More)
Dai-kenchu-to has been used for the treatment of abdominal obstructions, including bowel obstructions and a feeling of coldness in the abdomen. We reported that Dai-kenchu-to increases plasma neuropeptide [motilin, vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP), serotonin, calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), and substance P]-like immunoreactive substances (IS)(More)
Therapeutic drug monitoring of valproic acid (VPA) is essential to prevent toxicity, but the correlation between plasma ammonia level and serum VPA concentration remains unclear. We examined the correlation of plasma ammonia level with VPA dose and serum trough concentrations of total and free VPA in Japanese patients with epilepsy. Thirty-eight data sets(More)
Several studies have shown that renal failure decreases CYP3A activity and that uremic toxins may play a role via transcriptional or translational modifications of cytochrome P450 (P450) enzymes and direct inhibition of P450-mediated metabolism. In this study, we evaluated the relationship between CYP3A activity (using plasma concentration of(More)
Rikkunshi-to, a gastrointestinal function regulatory traditional Chinese herbal (Kampo) medicine, has recently been evaluated for its clinical usefulness in stress and depression. This medicine has modulatory effects on the hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal axis and autonomic nervous function. We examined the effect of Rikkunshi-to and the other(More)
Regarding the gastroprotective function as a neural emergency system, sensory afferent neurons in the gastrointestinal mucosa regulate neuropeptide (calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), substance P, etc.) levels, and those peptides play various physiological roles. To determine whether the pharmacological effects of Hange-shashin-to and Rikkunshi-to on(More)
AIMS It has been reported that cytochrome P450 (CYP)3A activity increases significantly in patients with end stage renal disease (ESRD) after kidney transplantation, with wide interindividual variability in the degree of increase. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of CYP3A5 polymorphism on the increase in CYP3A activity after living kidney(More)
Hange-shashin-to has been used for chronic hypofunction of the gastrointestinal tract and to improve functional abnormalities of the upper and lower gastrointestinal system. To determine whether the pharmacological effects of Hange-shashin-to are due to gut-regulatory peptide levels, we developed a sensitive and specific double-antibody enzyme immunoassay(More)