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The environmental estrogen bisphenol A, orally introduced into the body, passes through the liver and modulates the endocrine system to elicit irreversible changes in the functioning of reproduction. To elucidate the actual and dynamic metabolism of bisphenol A in the liver before its arrival at target organs, this study evaluated the metabolism and(More)
Bisphenol A, an environmental estrogen, can be leached from plastic tableware and from the coating of food and drink cans, orally exposing human beings to the compound. The present study focuses on the absorption and metabolism of bisphenol A in the rat intestine, as elucidated experimentally by segmented everted intestine. One hour after the application of(More)
BACKGROUND Bisphenol A (BPA), a well-known endocrine disruptor, is highly glucuronidated in the liver, and the resultant BPA-glucuronide (BPA-GA) is excreted primarily into bile. However, in rodents, prenatal exposure to low doses of BPA can adversely affect the fetus, despite the efficient drug-metabolizing systems of the dams. The transport mechanisms of(More)
Chronic hepatitis C patients often fail to respond to interferon-based therapies. This phase III study aimed at confirming the efficacy and safety of glycyrrhizin in interferon + ribavirin-based therapy non-responders. A randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, comparison of glycyrrhizin, administered intravenously 5×/or 3×/week, and 5×/week placebo(More)
Many postmenopausal women have osteopenia, a condition characterized by loss of bone mineral density (BMD) that is not as severe as in osteoporosis. The objective of this study was to estimate the cost-effectiveness of alendronate to prevent fractures in osteopenic postmenopausal women without a history of fracture in Japan. An individual simulation model(More)
Calcineurin homologous protein (CHP) is an EF-hand Ca(2+)-binding protein capable of interacting with various cellular proteins including Na(+)/H(+) exchangers, kinesin-related proteins, and apoptosis-inducing protein kinase DRAK2. We investigated the role of CHP on the DRAK2 protein kinase in vitro. CHP significantly reduced (approximately 85% inhibition)(More)
Octylphenols, widely used in a variety of detergents and plastics, are known to exhibit estrogenicity in vivo. The details of their metabolism are needed to better understand the endocrine disruptions. We have previously shown that alkylphenols, having short alkyl chains, are glucuronidated and readily excreted into the bile from the liver, while(More)
The Na+/H+ exchangers (NHEs) comprise a family of membrane proteins that catalyze the electroneutral exchange of Na+ and H+. Calcineurin homologous protein (CHP) acts as a crucial cofactor for NHE activity through direct interaction with the carboxyl-terminal tail region of NHEs. We have cloned a new rat CHP isoform (rCHP2) and characterized the binding(More)
We previously showed that calcineurin B homologous protein 1 (CHP1) interacts with nuclear apoptosis-inducing protein kinase DRAK2, and that overexpression of DRAK2 induces the nuclear accumulation of CHP1, although CHP1 usually resides in the cytoplasm [Matsumoto et al. (2001) J. Biochem. 130, 217-225]. Here we show that CHP1 has two functional nuclear(More)
OBJECTIVE Nonsyndromic oral clefts are common craniofacial anomalies classified into two subgroups: cleft lip with or without cleft palate and isolated cleft palate. Nonsyndromic oral clefts are multifactorial diseases, with both genetic and environmental factors involved in their pathogenesis. The inhibitory neurotransmitter, gamma-aminobutyric acid plays(More)