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A noncytotoxic dose of verapamil, a coronary vasodilator, enhances the cytotoxicity of vincristine (VCR) and vinblastine in P388 leukemia and its VCR-resistant subline, P388/VCR. When 2.2 to 6.6 microM verapamil was added along the VCR to the P388/VCR culture in vitro, VCR resistance was completely overcome. Verapamil in doses of 50 to 100 mg/kg(More)
OBJECTIVE A fully automatic multimodality image registration algorithm is presented. The method is primarily designed for 3D registration of MR and PET images of the brain. However, it has also been successfully applied to CT-PET, MR-CT, and MR-SPECT registrations. MATERIALS AND METHODS The head contour is detected on the MR image using a gradient(More)
We established an experimental system suitable for study of cell cycle regulation by Ca2+ in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Systematic cell cycle analysis using media containing various concentrations of Ca2+, a Ca2(+)-ionophore (A23187), and a Ca2(+)-chelator [ethylenebis(oxyethylenenitrilo)]tetraacetic acid (EGTA) revealed that simultaneous addition(More)
By establishing a unique screening method, we have isolated yeast mutants that die only after differentiating into cells with a mating projection, and some of them are also defective in Ca2+ signaling. The mutants were classified into five complementation groups, one of which we studied extensively. This mutation defines a new gene, designated MID1, which(More)
BACKGROUND Liver fibrosis is the main predictor of the progression of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. Transient elastography (FibroScan), which measures liver stiffness, is a novel, noninvasive method to assess liver fibrosis. AIM We investigated the usefulness of liver stiffness measurement in the evaluation of liver fibrosis in nonalcoholic fatty(More)
Forty-four consecutive patients (65 knees) who underwent identical condylar type total knee arthroplasty were evaluated retrospectively. In 22 of the patients (32 knees), the femoral component was set parallel to the posterior condylar axis (neutrally aligned group). In the remaining 22 patients (33 knees), it was set in an external rotation position of 3(More)
Ca(2+)-sensitive mutants of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae showing a Pet- phenotype (cls7-cls11) have lesions in a system for maintaining intracellular Ca2+ homeostasis (Ohya, Y., Ohsumi, Y., and Anraku, Y. (1986) J. Gen. Microbiol. 132, 979-988). Genetic and biochemical studies have demonstrated that these Pet- cls mutants are related to defects in(More)
UNLABELLED Appropriate corrections for scatter and attenuation correction are prerequisites for quantitative SPECT studies. However, in most cerebral SPECT studies, uniform attenuation in the head is assumed, and scatter is usually neglected. This study evaluated the effect of attenuation correction and scatter correction on quantitative values and image(More)
Hypercapnia and hypocapnia produce cerebral vasodilation and vasoconstriction, respectively. However, regional differences in the vascular response to changes in Paco2 in the human brain are not pronounced. In the current study, these regional differences were evaluated. In each of the 11 healthy subjects, cerebral blood flow (CBF) was measured using(More)
The temperature-sensitive mutant cell line tsBN2, was derived from the BHK21 cell line and has a point mutation in the RCC1 gene. In tsBN2 cells, the RCC1 protein disappeared after a shift to the non-permissive temperature at any time in the cell cycle. From S phase onwards, once RCC1 function was lost at the non-permissive temperature, p34cdc2 was(More)