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We evaluated the effect of sivelestat sodium (SiV), a novel synthesized polymorphonuclear (PMN) elastase inhibitor, on acute lung injury (ALI) caused by cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). Fourteen patients who underwent cardiopulmonary surgery using CPB, followed by the development of both systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) and ALI, were treated with(More)
Lake Tanganyika, an ancient lake in the Great Rift Valley, is famous for the adaptive radiation of cichlids. Five tribes of the Cichlidae family have acquired herbivory, with five ecomorphs: grazers, browsers, scrapers, biters and scoopers. Sixteen species of the herbivorous cichlids coexist on a rocky littoral slope in the lake. Seven of them individually(More)
On coral reefs, damselfish defend their territories from invading herbivores and maintain algal turfs, from which they harvest filamentous algae. In southern Japan, intensive weeding of indigestible algae by Stegastes nigricans results in overgrowth by one filamentous alga, Polysiphonia sp. 1. Because this alga is highly susceptible to grazing and is(More)
The left-right asymmetry of scale-eating Tanganyikan cichlids is described as a unilateral topographical shift of the quadratomandibular joints. This morphological laterality has a genetic basis and has therefore been used as a model for studying negative frequency-dependent selection and the resulting oscillation in frequencies of two genotypes, lefty and(More)
Animals in a population consistently differ from one another in behavioural types over time and this difference can affect intra- and interspecific relationships. However, empirical studies about roles of behavioural individual variation in interspecific interactions are scarce. Here, we provide evidence that inter-individual variation of a cichlid in(More)
Cardiac fibromas are rare benign tumors usually seen in the pediatric population. Generally, long-term survival after surgical resection is favorable, and recurrence of fibroma has been hardly reported. Herein, we report a case of a 34-year-old woman who presented with ventricular tachycardia 21 years after resection of a cardiac fibroma and was found to(More)
The progesterone receptor (PR) has two isoforms, A and B, among which PR-B is mainly involved in regulating proliferation of the uterine endometrium. In this study, immunohistochemical analysis was carried out to investigate the correlation of PR-A and -B expressions with cell cycle-regulatory proteins and clinicopathological parameters in endometrial(More)
Aerobic and anaerobic microflora were identified and quantitated in 82 vaginal and 78 uterine samples obtained from mature bitches during different stages of the estrous cycle. The mean +/- SD of total bacterial counts/100 mg of vaginal contents of the 82 bitches was log 5.0 +/- 1.5, ranging from log 2.4 to log 8.8. The count at the estrous stage (log 7.8(More)
OBJECTIVES Although implantable left ventricular assist device use as a bridge to heart transplantation is increasing, its permanent use as destination therapy is not permitted in Japan. This retrospective review assessed early and mid-term outcomes of implantable continuous-flow left ventricular assist device compared with extracorporeal pulsatile-flow(More)
BACKGROUND Whether converting to everolimus (EVL) from mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) during the maintenance period after heart transplantation (HTx) reduces cardiac allograft vasculopathy (CAV) progression remains unclear. We sought to determine the effect of converting from MMF with standard-dose calcineurin inhibitors (CNIs) to EVL with low-dose CNIs on CAV(More)