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In order to cope with the dramatic growth in the amount of data traffic, future radio access networks may consist of a large number of small cells that are densely deployed. In this paper, we focus on the identification of densely deployed small cells based on hierarchical synchronization channels specified in the Long Term Evolution (LTE) standard. The(More)
1  Abstract—Exploiting the unlicensed spectrum is considered by 3GPP as one promising solution to meet the ever-increasing traffic growth. As a result, one major enhancement for LTE in Release 13 has been to enable its operation in the unlicensed spectrum via Licensed-Assisted Access (LAA). In this article, we provide an overview of the Release 13 LAA(More)
In order to extend the available spectrum to deal with the dramatically increasing data traffic, unlicensed spectrum, e.g., 5 GHz, is considered by the mobile operators as a complement in addition to licensed spectrum. The licensed-assisted access using Long Term Evolution (LAA-LTE) in unlicensed spectrum has been studied in the 3<sup>rd</sup> Generation(More)
We built up a Long Term Evolution (LTE) trial system operating in 5.8 GHz unlicensed bands and conducted a real time field trial in typical indoor environments. The user throughput of LTE with the 20MHz carrier in the unlicensed bands, which is used as a Supplemental Downlink (SDL) (always downlink), is evaluated and compared with that of Wireless Local(More)
In order to meet the requirement of dramatically growing mobile data, the operators improve their network by aggregating multiple carriers to increase the system capacity. Due to the limited availability of licensed spectrum, unlicensed spectrum with large amount of resources has attracted more and more world-wide interests recently. The Licensed Assisted(More)