Hiroki Aoyagi

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Helicobacter pylori, a Gram-negative gastric bacterium, secretes VacA, a cytotoxin that causes vacuolar degeneration of susceptible cells. Velocity sedimentation analysis showed that treatment of VacA at alkaline pH led to disassembly of VacA oligomers, an observation reported previously for acid-treated VacA. Exposure of VacA to acid or alkali increased(More)
We investigated the effects of vacuolating cytotoxin (VacA) prepared from Helicobacter pylori on the metabolism of gastric epithelial cells, AZ-521. VacA caused the ATP levels to decrease in a time-dependent manner; by approximately 20% in 6 h, 35% in 12 h and 50% in 24 h, at a concentration of 120 nM. This decrease was also dependent on the concentration(More)
Basic amphipathic alpha-helical peptides Ac-(Leu-Ala-Arg-Leu)3 or 4-NHCH3 (4(3) or 4(4)) and H-(Leu-Ala-Arg-Leu)3-(Leu-Arg-Ala-Leu)2 or 3-OH (4(5) or 4(6)) were synthesized and studied in terms of their interactions with phospholipid membranes, biological activity, and ion channel-forming ability. CD study of the peptides showed that they form alpha-helical(More)
Polycationic reagents such as cationic lipids and poly-L-lysine are widely used for gene transfer into cells in vitro and show promise as vectors for in vivo gene therapy applications as nonviral gene transfer techniques. We have developed a novel transfection method using cationic amphiphilic alpha-helical oligopeptides with repeated sequences.(More)
Helicobacter pylori vacuolating cytotoxin (VacA) is believed to be one of the factors that induces gastric disease. Our previous study indicated that VacA causes a decrease in the intracellular ATP level in human gastric epithelial cells, suggesting to impair mitochondrial membrane potential followed by a decrease in energy metabolism (Kimura et al.,(More)
Several complementary NMR approaches were used to study the interaction of mastoparan, a 14-residue peptide toxin from wasp venom, with lipid membranes. First, the 3D structure of mastoparan was determined using 1H-NMR spectroscopy in perdeuterated (SDS-d25) micelles. NOESY experiments and distance geometry calculations yielded a straight amphiphilic(More)
The mode of action of tachyplesin I, an antimicrobial cationic heptadecapeptide amide isolated from the hemocyte debris of a horseshoe crab, Tachypleus tridentatus, toward lipid matrices was studied with synthetic tachyplesin I, its analogs with Phe in place of Trp or Tyr, a linear analog with no disulfide bonds, and two linear short fragments. Circular(More)
Antimicrobial peptides are crucial for host defense at mucosal surfaces. Bacterial factors responsible for induction of human beta-defensin-2 (hBD-2) mRNA expression in Caco-2 human carcinoma cells were determined. Salmonella enteritidis, Salmonella typhimurium, Salmonella typhi, Salmonella dublin, and culture supernatants of these strains induced hBD-2(More)
One common and characteristic feature of the extension peptides of mitochondrial enzyme precursors is the presence of repeating short stretches of uncharged amino acids linked by basic amino acids. We synthesized several model peptides having this particular feature of the extension peptides. The peptides contained arginine or lysine as a basic amino acid(More)
To investigatie a potential mechanism of how Helicobacter pylori establishes infection, we purified a lot of vacuolating toxin (VacA) from supernatant of H. pylori ATCC49503 (tox+ strain 60190). We used an antibody which was prepared by immunizing rabbits with a synthetic peptide consisting of 16 amino acids reflecting a portion (Glu69-Arg83) of amino acid(More)