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BACKGROUND During this recent decade, microarray-based single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) data are becoming more widely used as markers for linkage analysis in the identification of loci for disease-associated genes. Although microarray-based SNP analyses have markedly reduced genotyping time and cost compared with microsatellite-based analyses, applying(More)
This paper considers the problem of controlling both the planar position and the orientation of an underactuated airship with a reduced number of actuators in the presence of a unknown persistent wind disturbance. The airship is a nonholonomic system described by a set of nonlinear equations and the dynamics are subjected to bounded uncertainties. A smooth(More)
The extent and distribution of linkage disequilibrium ( LD) in humans is a current topic especially for gene mapping of complex diseases. Akaike's information criterion ( AIC) was applied to estimate LD and compared with other standard LD measures, D' and r(2). By comparison of an independent model (IM; linkage equilibrium) and a dependent model (DM;(More)
Finding a physical approach for increasing the superconducting transition temperature (Tc) is a challenge in the field of material science. Shear strain effects on the superconductivity of rhenium were investigated using magnetic measurements, X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, and first-principles calculations. A large shear strain(More)
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