Hirokazu Tsukahara

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Four patients with encephalitis/encephalopathy and parenchymal lesions accompanying reversible splenial lesions were retrospectively evaluated. In 3 patients, reversible lesions with transiently reduced diffusion were seen in the splenium and symmetrically in the peripheral frontoparietal white matter, clinical signs and symptoms were mild, and recovery was(More)
Few studies have looked at optimal or acceptable serum phenylalanine levels in later life in patients with phenylketonuria (PKU). This study examined the oxidative stress status of adolescents and adults with PKU. Forty PKU patients aged over fifteen years were enrolled, and were compared with thirty age-matched controls. Oxidative stress markers,(More)
BACKGROUND Congenital solitary kidneys, which are susceptible to renal failure, have been considered mostly due to unilateral renal agenesis and partly due to renal aplasia. Risk of familial recurrence and of other associated anomalies is known to be much higher in renal agenesis than in renal aplasia. However, differential diagnosis between the two renal(More)
Loads of reactive oxygen species (ROS), including superoxide anion and nitric oxide, that overburden antioxidant systems induce oxidative stress in the body. Major cellular targets of ROS are membrane lipids, proteins, nucleic acids, and carbohydrates. Circumstantial evidence suggests that ROS play a crucial role in the initiation and progression of various(More)
The involvement of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and oxidative stress in pediatric diseases is an important concern, but oxidative stress status in healthy young subjects and appropriate methods for its measurement remain unclear. This study evaluated a comprehensive set of urinary biomarkers for oxidative stress in healthy children, adolescents and young(More)
To elucidate the long-term consequences of osteopenia of prematurity, lumbar spinal bone mass was measured in 21 preterm-born children aged 3-4 years by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Their mineral intake remained low during early life, and all 11 infants previously studied were osteopenic at term postconception. At the age of 3-4 years, however, all 21(More)
Urinary albumin and beta 2-microglobulin (B2M) were measured during the neonatal period. Urinary albumin decreased postnatally in term neonates, while it remained almost constant in preterm neonates. Urinary B2M showed a peak level on day 7 both in term and preterm neonates. There was some trend towards higher levels of albumin and B2M with decreasing(More)
OBJECTIVE Reversible lesion in the central area of the splenium of the corpus callosum (SCC) is a unique phenomenon occurring particularly in patients with encephalitis or encephalopathy and in patients receiving antiepileptic drugs (AED). We report MR imaging findings, clinical courses, and outcomes in eight patients with various diseases and conditions.(More)
Increased production of advanced glycosylation end products (AGEs) and augmented oxidative stress may contribute to vascular complications in diabetes. Little is known about the formation and accumulation of AGEs in young patients with type 1 diabetes. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether AGE production and oxidative stress are augmented(More)
The authors report serial brain MR findings from a 2-year-old girl with rotavirus encephalopathy. The lesion in the splenium of the corpus callosum showed restricted proton diffusion, suggesting local cytotoxic edema. Diffusion-weighted images demonstrated the lesion more conspicuously than other techniques, such as fluid-attenuated inversion-recovery and(More)