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Suspension cultures of a human monocytic leukemia cell line, THP-1, were treated with 0.16 to 160 nM 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA). In an original cell line, THP-1-O, cultured again from -80 degrees cryopreservation, more than 80% of the cells adhered to the glass substrate with marked morphological change within 3 hr of TPA treatment. Adherent(More)
BACKGROUND Ghrelin is a novel growth hormone (GH)-releasing peptide, isolated from the stomach, that may also cause a positive energy balance by stimulating food intake and inducing adiposity. We sought to investigate the pathophysiology of ghrelin in the cachexia associated with chronic heart failure (CHF). METHODS AND RESULTS Plasma ghrelin was measured(More)
Previous studies have repeatedly reported that increasing age is a significant risk factor for worse outcomes after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) among patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML). However, more recent studies reported conflicting results regarding the association between age and outcomes in elderly patients.(More)
A case of immunoglobulin E (IgE) myeloma with clinical features of "classic" myeloma is presented. Skeletal roentgenograms showed osteoporosis and compression fractures of the vertebrae but no osteosclerosis. Protein analyses revealed an M component of the IgE kappa type with a concentration of 3.1 g/dl. Although morphologic examination revealed that the(More)
The cell-wall skeletons of Listeria monocytogenes strain EGD and Propionibacterium acnes strain C7, which have the ability to induce macrophage activation, were analyzed, and the structures of the peptidoglycans were investigated. The analytical data indicate that both peptidoglycans have glucosamine residues with free amino groups, which are responsible(More)
BACKGROUND The epidemiology of human herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6) encephalitis after allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) and its relationship with HHV-6 reactivation have not been sufficiently characterized. METHODS This prospective, multicenter study of 230 allogeneic HCT recipients investigated the epidemiology of HHV-6 reactivation and HHV-6(More)
An immunologically active teichoic acid component was isolated from the cell wall of Listeria monocytogenes strain EGD. The teichoic acid component, accounting for about 20% of the weight of cell wall, contained N-acetylglucosamine, rhamnose, ribitol, and phosphorus in a molar ratio of 0.95 : 1.0 : 0.97 : 0.98. The molecular weight of the teichoic acid(More)
OBJECTIVE The telomere in mature myeloid cells derived from abnormal progenitor cells of myeloproliferative diseases (MPDs) may shorten more rapidly than that in T lymphocytes, which are considered to be derived from normal clones. To test this hypothesis, we measured telomere lengths in granulocytes and T lymphocytes from patients with MPDs and compared(More)
The present patient was diagnosed as having human herpes virus-8 (HHV-8)/Kaposi sarcoma herpes virus (KSHV)-negative and CD20-positive primary effusion lymphoma (PEL) of the right-sided pleural effusion. After pleural drainage, malignant cells disappeared spontaneously in a small amount of the remaining pleural effusion without chemotherapy. The patient was(More)