Hirokazu Mukuno

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Nitric oxide (NO) is cytoprotective to certain types of neuronal cells. The neuroprotective ability of NO in the retina was reportedly mediated by the cyclic GMP (cGMP) to protein kinase G (PKG) pathway. Cyclic AMP-responsive element binding protein (CREB) plays an essential role in the NO/cGMP/PKG-mediated survival of rat cerebellar granule cells. We(More)
PURPOSE Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a risk factor for open-angle glaucoma, although the mechanistic interrelationship of the two is debatable. The purpose of this study is to test whether DM augments neural apoptosis in rat retina with chronically elevated intraocular pressure (IOP). METHODS Sprague-Dawley rats were made diabetic by intraperitoneal(More)
PURPOSE Unoprostone isopropyl is an ocular hypotensive that was originally produced as a prostaglandin F2alpha analogue and is eventually recognized as a synthetic docosanoid. The compound is recently suggested to have potent neuroprotective ability in the retina. The purpose of this study is to test whether and how the biologically active metabolites of(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate whether latanoprost, a prostaglandin F2alpha analogue, has a direct anti-apoptotic effect both in retinal neuro-glial cells in culture and in diabetic retina. R28 cells, immortalized retinal neuroglial progenitor cells, were induced apoptosis by 24h serum deprivation. Serum withdrawal made up to 15% of R28 cells(More)
The Akt serine/threonine kinase mediates pro-survival signalings in retina and was reported to be activated in a response to some retinal and optic nerve injuries. Human and experimental glaucoma induce apoptosis of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs). The purpose of this study is to test whether episcleral vein cauterization (EVC) to chronically elevate(More)
The efficacy of the Crotalus durissus terrificus antivenom administration by intramuscular (im) injection at the same place of the im inoculation, of the C. d. terrificus venom was evaluated in mice. In three experiments two DL50 of the venom were inoculated and the antivenom was administered in three different ways: half of the ED50 by intraperitoneal (ip)(More)
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