Hirokazu Kobayashi

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BACKGROUND The green-fluorescent protein (GFP) of the jellyfish Aequorea victoria has recently been used as a universal reporter in a broad range of heterologous living cells and organisms. Although successful in some plant transient expression assays based on strong promoters or high copy number viral vectors, further improvement of expression efficiency(More)
In higher plants, the transcription of plastid genes is mediated by at least two types of RNA polymerase (RNAP); a plastid-encoded bacterial RNAP in which promoter specificity is conferred by nuclear-encoded sigma factors, and a nuclear-encoded phage-like RNAP. Green algae, however, appear to possess only the bacterial enzyme. Since transcription of much,(More)
DNA encoding ribosomal RNA (rRNA) of Alternaria alternata Japanese pear pathotype has been cloned in λ, replacement vector, λ, Fix. Restriction endonuclease mapping and Southern hybridization with the 18S and 28S rRNAs of Saccharomyces cerevisiae revealed the A. alternata rDNA to be tandemly repeating 8.15-kilobase pair unit. The restriction fragments of(More)
In this paper, a general scheme for complete modelbased decomposition of the polarimetric synthetic aperture radar (POLSAR) coherency matrix data is presented. We show that the POLSAR coherency matrix can be completely decomposed into three components contributed by volume scattering and two single scatterers (characterized by rank-1 matrices). Under this(More)
Carbon-supported Pt catalysts are highly active and reusable for the aqueous-phase hydrodeoxygenation of phenols as lignin models without adding any acids. It is suggested that Pt/carbon facilitates the hydrogenation of phenols and the hydrogenolysis of the resulting cyclohexanols.
The physiology and tissue distribution of bilberry anthocyanins were studied in mice. After oral administration of bilberry extract (100 mg/kg body weight), both unmodified and methylated anthocyanins appeared in the plasma. The plasma concentration of total anthocyanins reached a maximum of 1.18 +/- 0.3 microM after 15 min and then sharply decreased. Their(More)
The interferometric monitor for greenhouse gases (IMG) was the precursor of the high-resolution Fourier-transform infrared radiometer (FTIR) onboard a satellite for observation of the Earth. The IMG endured the stress of a rocket launch, demonstrating that the high-resolution, high-throughput spectrometer is indeed feasible for use onboard a satellite. The(More)
Muscle volume was measured, by use of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), as a direct indicator of functional recovery of the supraspinatus and infraspinatus muscles after supraspinatus tendon repair, because atrophy of the supraspinatus and infraspinatus muscles was observed in all patients with a torn supraspinatus tendon. Seventy-three patients who had a(More)
Poly[3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyvalerate(3HV)] was produced in recombinant Escherichia coli LS5218 from ruthenium-catalyzed cellulose hydrolysate and propionate. The strain was found to be resistant to 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (5-HMF), which is a major inhibitory byproduct generated in the cellulose hydrolysis reaction. The 3HV fraction was successfully(More)
The mechanisms of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries are still inconclusive from an epidemiological standpoint. An epidemiological approach in a large sample group over an appropriate period of years will be necessary to enhance the current knowledge of the ACL injury mechanism. The objective of the study was to investigate the ACL injury occurrence(More)