Hirokazu Kanegane

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Deficiency of X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis (XIAP) caused by XIAP/BIRC4 gene mutations is an inherited immune defect recognized as X-linked lymphoproliferative syndrome type 2. This disease is mainly observed in patients with hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) often associated with Epstein–Barr virus infection. We described nine Japanese patients(More)
Surrogate light chains (lambda 5/VpreB) are selectively expressed in early precursors of B cells. B-cell defects in X-linked agammaglobulinemia (XLA) are caused by mutations in the gene for Bruton's tyrosine kinase. To elucidate the nature of early B-lineage cells in bone marrow (BM), samples from 13 XLA patients and 24 healthy controls of different ages(More)
INTRODUCTION Accumulation of B cells in the rheumatoid arthritis (RA) synovium has been reported, and it has been thought that these cells might contribute to the pathogenesis of RA by antigen presentation, autoantibody production, and/or inflammatory cytokine production. Chemokines could enhance the accumulation of B cells in the synovium. The aims of this(More)
Availability of a freely accessible, dynamic and integrated database for primary immunodeficiency diseases (PID) is important both for researchers as well as clinicians. To build a PID informational platform and also as a part of action to initiate a network of PID research in Asia, we have constructed a web-based compendium of molecular alterations in PID,(More)
Intravenous (IVIG) and subcutaneous (SCIG) immunoglobulin infusions are widely used for the treatment of patients with primary immunodeficiency (PID) worldwide. This prospective, multicenter, open-label, single-arm Phase III study evaluated the efficacy, tolerability, and safety of IgPro20 (Hizentra®; L-proline–stabilized 20 % human SCIG) in adult and(More)
In this report, we describe seven mutations, including a novel single base pair substitution in intron 1, of the Bruton's tyrosine kinase (Btk) gene found in 12 Korean patients with X-linked agammaglobulinemia. Various mutations, including three novel genetic alterations, were discovered using single-strand conformation polymorphism analysis and direct DNA(More)
X-linked lymphoproliferative syndrome (XLP) is a rare inherited immunodeficiency by an extreme vulnerability to Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection, frequently resulting in hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH). XLP are now divided into type 1 (XLP-1) and type 2 (XLP-2), which are caused by mutations of SH2D1A/SLAM-associated protein (SAP) and X-linked(More)
Tau protein levels in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and serum are elevated in patients with various central nervous system diseases. We investigated whether serum tau protein levels are useful for predicting and assessing disease activity of acute encephalopathy (AE) in enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC) O111-induced hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS; EHEC(More)
Recombination-activating gene (RAG) 1 and 2 deficiency is seen in patients with severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) and Omenn syndrome. However, the spectrum of the disease has recently expanded to include a milder phenotype. We analyzed a 4-year-old boy who was initially given the diagnosis of selective immunoglobulin A deficiency (SIgAD) based on(More)
X-linked lymphoproliferative disease (XLP) is a rare inherited immunodeficiency that often leads to hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH). XLP can be classified as XLP1 or XLP2, caused by mutations in SH2D1A and XIAP, respectively. In women, X-chromosome inactivation (XCI) of most X-linked genes occurs on one of the X chromosomes in each cell. The choice(More)