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Deficiency of X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis (XIAP) caused by XIAP/BIRC4 gene mutations is an inherited immune defect recognized as X-linked lymphoproliferative syndrome type 2. This disease is mainly observed in patients with hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) often associated with Epstein–Barr virus infection. We described nine Japanese patients(More)
INTRODUCTION Accumulation of B cells in the rheumatoid arthritis (RA) synovium has been reported, and it has been thought that these cells might contribute to the pathogenesis of RA by antigen presentation, autoantibody production, and/or inflammatory cytokine production. Chemokines could enhance the accumulation of B cells in the synovium. The aims of this(More)
Availability of a freely accessible, dynamic and integrated database for primary immunodeficiency diseases (PID) is important both for researchers as well as clinicians. To build a PID informational platform and also as a part of action to initiate a network of PID research in Asia, we have constructed a web-based compendium of molecular alterations in PID,(More)
Intravenous (IVIG) and subcutaneous (SCIG) immunoglobulin infusions are widely used for the treatment of patients with primary immunodeficiency (PID) worldwide. This prospective, multicenter, open-label, single-arm Phase III study evaluated the efficacy, tolerability, and safety of IgPro20 (Hizentra®; L-proline–stabilized 20 % human SCIG) in adult and(More)
Human colostrum contains many bioactive factors that must promote the development of intestinal mucosal immunity in infants. Especially, the presence of certain cytokines such as transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta or IL-10 has been of great interest for IgA production as a function of mucosal immune response. In the present study, we attempted to(More)
BACKGROUND We herein report the first case of X-linked agammaglobulinemia (XLA) that underwent allogeneic stem cell transplantation using reduced intensity conditioning (RIC). We chronologically observed the reconstitution of humoral immunity in this case. CASE PRESENTATION The patient was a 28-year-old Japanese male with XLA who previously had(More)
Recombination-activating gene (RAG) 1 and 2 deficiency is seen in patients with severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) and Omenn syndrome. However, the spectrum of the disease has recently expanded to include a milder phenotype. We analyzed a 4-year-old boy who was initially given the diagnosis of selective immunoglobulin A deficiency (SIgAD) based on(More)
Primary immunodeficiency disease (PID) is caused by mutations of more than two hundred immunity-related genes. In addition to the heterogeneity of the diseases, the atypical presentation of each disease caused by hypomorphic mutations or somatic mosaicism makes genetic diagnosis challenging. Next-generation sequencing tests all genes simultaneously and has(More)
X-linked agammaglobulinemia (XLA) is clinically characterized by reduced number of peripheral B cells and diminished levels of serum immunoglobulins, and caused by a mutation in the Bruton’s tyrosine kinase (BTK) gene, which play a pivotal role in signal transduction of pre-B-cell receptor (BCR) and BCR. B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia(More)
RAS-associated leukoproliferative disease (RALD) is a newly classified disease; thus its clinical features and management are not fully understood. The cases of two patients with characteristic features of RALD are described herein. Patient 1 was a 5-month-old female with clinical features typical of autoimmune lymphoproliferative syndrome (ALPS) and(More)