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Cleidocranial dysplasia (CCD) is an autosomal dominant heritable skeletal disease caused by heterozygous mutations in the osteoblast-specific transcription factor RUNX2. We have performed mutational analysis of RUNX2 on 24 unrelated patients with CCD. In 17 patients, 16 distinct mutations were detected in the coding region of RUNX2: 4 frameshift, 3(More)
X-linked lymphoproliferative syndromes (XLP) are primary immunodeficiencies characterized by a particular vulnerability toward Epstein-Barr virus infection, frequently resulting in hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH). XLP type 1 (XLP-1) is caused by mutations in the gene SH2D1A (also named SAP), whereas mutations in the gene XIAP underlie XLP type 2(More)
Cleidocranial dysplasia (CCD) is a autosomal dominant disorder characterized by skeletal anomalies such as patent fontanels, late closure of cranial sutures with Wormian bones, late erupting secondary dentition, rudimentary clavicles, and short stature. The locus for this disease was mapped to chromosome 6p21. RUNX2 is a member of the runt family of(More)
Deficiency of X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis (XIAP) caused by XIAP/BIRC4 gene mutations is an inherited immune defect recognized as X-linked lymphoproliferative syndrome type 2. This disease is mainly observed in patients with hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) often associated with Epstein–Barr virus infection. We described nine Japanese patients(More)
It is established that soluble factors involved in cell growth can prevent apoptosis of hematolymphoid cell lines in factor-deprived situations. The present study investigates the possible protective effects of various cytokines on radiation-induced apoptosis of apparently quiescent lymphocyte subpopulations. The exposure to gamma-irradiation resulted in(More)
Viral interleukin-10 (IL-10), a product of the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) replication gene BCRF1, shares extensive structural and functional similarity with the human cytokine IL-10. Both viral and human IL-10 inhibit T cell growth and interferon-gamma production. With two ELISAs, one that recognized both human and viral (total) IL-10 and the other specific(More)
We report on PTPN11 (protein-tyrosine phosphatase, nonreceptor type 11) mutation analysis and clinical assessment in 45 patients with Noonan syndrome. Sequence analysis was performed for all of the coding exons 1-15 of PTPN11, revealing a novel 3-bp deletion mutation and 10 recurrent missense mutations in 18 patients. Clinical assessment showed that 1) the(More)
FOXP3 is required for the generation and function of CD4(+)CD25(+) regulatory T (Treg) cells. To elucidate the biological role of Treg cells, we used a monoclonal anti-FOXP3 antibody to examine the frequencies of Treg cells during child development. The percentages of CD4(+)CD25(+)FOXP3(+) T cells were constant shortly from after birth through adulthood.(More)
Immune dysregulation, polyendocrinopathy, enteropathy, X-linked (IPEX) syndrome is an autoimmune disorder caused by mutations in the FOXP3 gene, which plays a key role in the generation of CD4(+)CD25(+)regulatory T (Treg) cells. We selected CD127 as the surface marker of Treg cells to illustrate the development and function of Treg cells in IPEX syndrome.(More)