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Deficiency of X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis (XIAP) caused by XIAP/BIRC4 gene mutations is an inherited immune defect recognized as X-linked lymphoproliferative syndrome type 2. This disease is mainly observed in patients with hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) often associated with Epstein–Barr virus infection. We described nine Japanese patients(More)
Surrogate light chains (lambda 5/VpreB) are selectively expressed in early precursors of B cells. B-cell defects in X-linked agammaglobulinemia (XLA) are caused by mutations in the gene for Bruton's tyrosine kinase. To elucidate the nature of early B-lineage cells in bone marrow (BM), samples from 13 XLA patients and 24 healthy controls of different ages(More)
Human NK cell activity can be augmented in vitro by stimulation with IL-2 or IL-12, both of which also induce the production of IFN-gamma, TNF-alpha, and granulocyte-macrophage CSF by NK cells. For the first time, we demonstrate that freshly purified NK cells stimulated with IL-2 proliferated and produced IL-10 in a dose-dependent manner. IL-10 mRNA(More)
INTRODUCTION Accumulation of B cells in the rheumatoid arthritis (RA) synovium has been reported, and it has been thought that these cells might contribute to the pathogenesis of RA by antigen presentation, autoantibody production, and/or inflammatory cytokine production. Chemokines could enhance the accumulation of B cells in the synovium. The aims of this(More)
Chronic active Epstein-Barr virus infection (CAEBV) is a high-mortality and high-morbidity disease. To clarify the prognostic factors, a national survey was performed in Japan, and data for 82 patients who met the criteria for CAEBV were analyzed. Of these 82 patients, 47 were alive and 35 had already died. Multivariate analysis revealed that(More)
Availability of a freely accessible, dynamic and integrated database for primary immunodeficiency diseases (PID) is important both for researchers as well as clinicians. To build a PID informational platform and also as a part of action to initiate a network of PID research in Asia, we have constructed a web-based compendium of molecular alterations in PID,(More)
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is the pathogen that most commonly triggers infection-associated hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) and ectopically infects CD8(+) T cells in EBV-associated HLH (EBV-HLH). We recently described an EBV-HLH patient who had a clonally expanded population of EBV-infected CD8(+) T cells with CD5 down-regulation. To determine(More)
We analyzed the cause of agammaglobulinemia in a girl whose father had been diagnosed as having X-linked agammaglobulinemia (XLA). Flow cytometric analysis revealed the lack of peripheral B cells with the block of B-cell differentiation in the stages between pro-B cells and pre-B cells in the bone marrow, and the defect of the Bruton tyrosine kinase (BTK)(More)
Twenty percent to 30% of transient abnormal myelopoiesis (TAM) observed in newborns with Down syndrome (DS) develop myeloid leukemia of DS (ML-DS). Most cases of TAM carry somatic GATA1 mutations resulting in the exclusive expression of a truncated protein (GATA1s). However, there are no reports on the expression levels of GATA1s in TAM blasts, and the risk(More)
Intravenous (IVIG) and subcutaneous (SCIG) immunoglobulin infusions are widely used for the treatment of patients with primary immunodeficiency (PID) worldwide. This prospective, multicenter, open-label, single-arm Phase III study evaluated the efficacy, tolerability, and safety of IgPro20 (Hizentra®; L-proline–stabilized 20 % human SCIG) in adult and(More)