Hirohito Nishino

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We have found that the cricket Gryllus bimaculatus shows an immobile posture, so-called thanatosis. Thanatosis was reflexly elicited by gently holding the forelegs and pronotum of the cricket. During thanatosis, the respiration rate decreased markedly while the heart rate doubled compared with the resting state. Animals in the state of extreme rigidity were(More)
Intraoperative blood loss, postoperative pain, and postoperative appetite were compared between 15 adult patients who underwent tonsillectomy using an ultrasonically activated scalpel (UT) and 15 adult patients who underwent blunt dissection tonsillectomy with cold steel instruments (BT). The average intraoperative blood loss of the UT group was 4.6 +/- 1.9(More)
Behavioral and psychological problems are often observed in patients with dementia such as that associated with Alzheimer disease, and these noncognitive symptoms place an extremely heavy burden on the family and caregivers. Although it is well know that these symptoms often are triggered by infection of peripheral organs, the underlying mechanisms for(More)
The cricket Gryllus bimaculatus displayed freezing (thanatosis) after struggling while the femoro-tibial joints of the walking legs were forcibly restrained. Myographic recording indicated that strong contraction of the flexor tibia muscle “leg flexion response” occurred under this restrained condition. During thanatosis, when the femoro-tibial joint was(More)
CONCLUSION We studied the compound action potential (AP) recovery from adaptation (AP recovery) in idiopathic sensorineural hearing loss (iSSNHL). Abnormal AP recovery was demonstrated in 15 of 45 patients, consisting of increased recovery (iR) over the normal range in 11 ears and decreased recovery (dR) under the normal range in 4 ears. The mechanisms for(More)
We report neurotological findings in a patient with unilateral narrow internal auditory canal, as confirmed by computed tomography. The patient presented no auditory brainstem response on the affected side. Vestibular tests including vestibular-evoked myogenic potentials (VEMP) and caloric test revealed normal function of both inferior and superior(More)
CONCLUSION The main differences in electrocochleography (ECochG) between recurrent and nonrecurrent idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss (iSSNHL) were the high prevalence of an abnormally increased action potential (AP) recovery (iR) in nonrecurrent iSSNHL and the very low prevalence of iR in recurrent iSSNHL. An enhanced SP/AP ratio, low AP(More)
CONCLUSIONS High prevalence rate of an enhanced summating potential (SP)/action potential (AP) ratio (≥0.35) is considered to result largely from the imbalances of Ca(2+) homeostasis in the endolymphatic space. An increase in Ca(2+) is thought to augment the SP. Furthermore, a greater inflow of Ca(2+) into inner hair cells is supposed to influence the(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the potentials evoked by rotatory stimulation, which we consider the optimal means of invoking angular acceleration and which may lead to clinical applications in patients with vertigo. MATERIAL AND METHODS Horizontal rotatory stimulation using a trapezoidal waveform was performed with 3 different angular accelerations (20, 15 and 10(More)
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of nimodipine on salicylate ototoxicity in guinea pigs. The compound action potential (CAP) was recorded at the round window, and the cochlear blood flow (CBF) was measured simultaneously from the lateral wall of the basal turn of the cochlea by laser Doppler flowmetry. After administration of salicylate(More)