Hirohito Magari

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To clarify the alterations in lower intestinal microflora induced by gastric acid reduction, the dynamics of 12 major genera or groups of bacteria comprising the microflora in feces and colonic contents were examined by quantitative real-time PCR in proton pump inhibitor-treated rats and in asymptomatic human subjects with hypochlorhydria. In both rat and(More)
BACKGROUND Gastric cancer screening using the pepsinogen filter test is receiving wide recognition in Japan owing to convenience, freedom from discomfort or risk, efficiency, and economy. Because the long-term outcomes of cancer development in extensive atrophic gastritis detected by pepsinogen test are unclear, test-positive and test-negative subjects were(More)
The effect of the selective COX-2 inhibitor, etodolac, on Helicobacter pylori (Hp)-associated stomach carcinogenesis was investigated in Mongolian gerbils (MGs). Hp-infected MGs were fed for 23 weeks with drinking water containing 10 ppm N-methyl-N-nitrosourea. They were then switched to distilled water and placed on a diet containing 5-30 mg/kg/day(More)
Although CD57+ lymphocytes are closely correlated with prognosis in various cancers, the role of subsets of CD57+ cells in hepatitis C virus (HCV)-related hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is unclear. In the present study, peripheral blood (PB) from HCV-related HCC patients was analyzed. Plasma cytokine levels and in vitro cytokine-producing capabilities were(More)
A total of 5,209 asymptomatic, middle-aged subjects, whose serum pepsinogen (PG) and Helicobacter pylori antibody levels had been assessed, were followed for 10 years. Subjects with positive serum H. pylori antibodies (>50 U/mL) had an increased cancer risk (HR = 3.48, 95% CI = 1.26-9.64). Risk of gastric cancer increased as the antibody level increased;(More)
OBJECTIVE To develop a method for immunohistochemical staining of three different T lymphocyte antigens (CD4 or CD8, CD57 and TCRβ) on the same tissue section and to determine whether tissues have been infiltrated with T lymphocytes expressing these markers. STUDY DESIGN Commercially available antibodies were tested for immunohistochemical usefulness in a(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Transpapillary forceps biopsy is an effective diagnostic technique in patients with biliary stricture. This prospective study aimed to determine the usefulness of the wire-grasping method as a new technique for forceps biopsy. METHODS Consecutive patients with biliary stricture or irregularities of the bile duct wall were randomly(More)
Helicobacter pylori (HP) is recognized as a major pathogenic factor for persistent inflammation in the human stomach (Dooley et al., 1989; Marshall & Warren, 1984). In 1994, the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) classified HP infection as a definite class I carcinogen (International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), 1994). HP triggers(More)
AIMS To compare twice-daily interferon (IFN)-beta administration and once-daily IFN-alpha-2b administration as induction therapy in ribavirin combination therapy in chronic hepatitis C with a high viral load of genotype-1b hepatitis C virus (HCV). METHODS Sixty-one chronic hepatitis patients with a high viral load of genotype-1b HCV were randomly divided(More)
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