Hirohisa Saito

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In order to identify single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and haplotype frequencies of CYP3A4 in a Japanese population, the distal enhancer and proximal promoter regions, all exons, and the surrounding introns were sequenced from genomic DNA of 416 Japanese subjects. We found 24 SNPs, including 17 novel ones: two in the distal enhancer, four in the(More)
IL-33, a member of the IL-1-related cytokines, is considered to be a proallergic cytokine that is especially involved in Th2-type immune responses. Moreover, like IL-1α, IL-33 has been suggested to act as an "alarmin" that amplifies immune responses during tissue injury. In contrast to IL-1, however, the precise roles of IL-33 in those settings are poorly(More)
IL-33 is a recently identified member of the IL-1 family of molecules, which also includes IL-1 and IL-18. IL-33 binds to the receptor, T1/ST2/IL-1R4, and can promote cytokine secretion by Th2 cells and NF-kappaB phosphorylation in mouse mast cells. However, the effects of these molecules, especially IL-33, in human mast cells are poorly understood.(More)
Members of the suppressor of cytokine signaling (SOCS) family are involved in the pathogenesis of many inflammatory diseases. SOCS-3 is predominantly expressed in T-helper type 2 (T(H)2) cells, but its role in T(H)2-related allergic diseases remains to be investigated. In this study we provide a strong correlation between SOCS-3 expression and the pathology(More)
Osteoarthritis in the knees, which can be caused by meniscal defect, constitutes an increasingly common medical problem. Repair for massive meniscal defect remains a challenge owing to a lack of cell kinetics for the menisci precursors in knee joint. The synovium plays pivotal roles during the natural course of meniscal healing and contains mesenchymal stem(More)
Metabolism of administered drugs is determined by expression and activity of many drug-metabolizing enzymes, such as the cytochrome P450 (P450s) family members. Pregnane X receptor (PXR) is a master transcriptional regulator of many drug/xenobiotic-metabolizing enzymes, including P450s and drug transporters. In this study, we describe the functional(More)
Mast cells (MCs) are the primary effector cells in allergic reactions and have also been found to activate T cells and to reside in close physical proximity to T cells. However, the molecular mechanisms involved in the MC-T cell interaction remain unclear. We hypothesized that human tonsillar MCs, which locate in the interfollicular areas, might interact(More)
Respiratory epithelial cells play important roles not only in host defense mechanisms, but also in inflammatory responses. Inhaled corticosteroids are widely used for the treatment of patients with inflammatory lung disorders, including asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and sarcoidosis. Corticosteroids effectively reduce the production of(More)
Immunoglobulin E (IgE)-dependent activation of human mast cells (HMC) is characterized by an influx of extracellular calcium (Ca(2+)), which is essential for subsequent release of preformed (granule-derived) mediators and newly generated autacoids and cytokines. In addition, flow of ions such as K(+) and Cl(-) is likely to play an important role in mast(More)
Suppressor of cytokine signaling (SOCS) 1 is an essential physiologic regulator of the IFN-gamma signaling that is crucial to lead appropriate immune responses, and impaired IFN-gamma production is considered a hallmark of atopic diseases. Recent study has shown that SOCS1 is also crucial in attenuating type 1 IFN signaling and in limiting the host response(More)