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Opsin expression is extremely suppressed by carotenoid deprivation in Drosophila. Carotenoid replacement in deprived flies promotes the recovery of visual pigment with an increase in opsin, as well as the chromophore 11-cis-3-hydroxyretinal. Here, we show that opsin mRNA and opsin peptide in an intermediate step of posttranslational processing were present(More)
A novel expression vector pKP1500 for synthesizing unfused protein in Escherichia coli was constructed. pKP1500 perserves the tac promoter, the lacZ SD sequence, unique restriction sites (EcoRI, SmaI, BamHI, SalI, PstI and HindIII) and the rrnB terminators of pKK223-3, but the replication origin is replaced with that of pUC9. Construction of this plasmid is(More)
The cyanobacterium Plectonema boryanum (IU 594-UTEX 594) fixes N2 only in the absence of combined N and of O2. We induced nitrogenase by transfer to anaerobic N-free medium and studied the effect of Mo starvation on nitrogenase activity and synthesis. Activity was first detected within 3 h after transfer by the acetylene reduction assay in controls,(More)
Molecular encapsulation of water-soluble anionic fluorescent dye molecules, 8-anilino-1-naphthalenesulfonic acid (ANS), and its bimolecular derivative (bis-ANS), in the generation 3.5 polyamidoamine (G3.5 PAMAM) dendrimer was investigated in the bulk aqueous phase and at the polarized water|1,2-dichloroethane interface. ANS(-) was electrostatically(More)
In the preceding paper in this issue, we described the overproduction of one mutant chicken lysozyme in Escherichia coli. Since this lysozyme contained two amino acid substitutions (Ala31----Val and Asn106----Ser) in addition to an extra methionine residue at the NH2-terminus, the substituted amino acid residues were converted back to the original ones by(More)
When Azotobacter vinelandii was derepressed for nitrogenase synthesis in a N-free medium containing tungstate instead of molybdate, an inactive component I was synthesized. Although this inactive component I could be activated in vivo upon addition of molybdate to the medium, it could not be activated in vitro when molybdate was added to the extracts.(More)
The self-assembly of the oppositely charged water-soluble porphyrins, cobalt tetramethylpyridinium porphyrin (CoTMPyP(4+)) and cobalt tetrasulphonatophenyl porphyrin (CoTPPS(4-)), at the interface with an organic solvent to form molecular "rafts", provides an excellent catalyst to perform the interfacial four-electron reduction of oxygen by lipophilic(More)
Meet at the border: Assembly of the water-soluble cobalt tetrakis(N-methylpyridinium-4-yl)porphyrin [CoTMPyP](4+) at soft interfaces is enhanced and stabilized by its interfacial interaction with the lipophilic anion (C(6)F(5))(4)B(-). The supramolecular structure thus formed provides excellent catalytic activity in the four-electron reduction of oxygen.