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Many growth factors and cytokines prevent apoptosis. Using an expression cloning method, we identified a novel antiapoptotic molecule named Anamorsin, which does not show any homology to known apoptosis regulatory molecules such as Bcl-2 family, caspase family, or signal transduction molecules. The expression of Anamorsin was completely dependent on(More)
Karyotypic abnormalities in cultured embryonic stem cells (ESCs), especially near-diploid aneuploidy, are potential obstacles to ESC use in regenerative medicine. Events causing chromosomal abnormalities in ESCs may be related to events in tumor cells causing chromosomal instability (CIN) in human disease. However, the underlying mechanisms are unknown.(More)
Darbepoetin alfa (DA) is a standard treatment for anemia in lower-risk MDS. However, to date there has been no comparative study to investigate the initial dosage. We, thus, conducted a randomized controlled trial to elucidate the optimal initial dosage of DA. International Prognostic Scoring System low or intermediate-1 risk MDS patients with hemoglobin(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with acute myeloid leukemia who are treated with conventional chemotherapy still have a substantial risk of relapse; the prognostic factors and optimal treatments after relapse have not been fully established. We, therefore, retrospectively analyzed data from patients with acute myeloid leukemia who had achieved first complete remission(More)
Recent results from the phase 3 ENESTnd (Evaluating Nilotinib Efficacy and Safety in Clinical Trials-Newly Diagnosed Patients) study have demonstrated superiority of nilotinib over imatinib for the treatment of newly diagnosed Philadelphia chromosome-positive chronic myeloid leukemia in the chronic phase (CML-CP). Here, we report results from the Japanese(More)
Notch and HOXB4 have been reported to expand hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) in vitro. However, their critical effector molecules remain undetermined. We found that the expression of c-myc, cyclin D2, cyclin D3, cyclin E, and E2F1 was induced or enhanced during Notch1- or HOXB4-induced self-renewal of murine HSCs. Since c-Myc can act as a primary regulator(More)
Stem cell factor (SCF) has crucial roles in proliferation, survival, and differentiation of hematopoietic stem cells and mast cells through binding to c-Kit receptor (KIT). Chemotaxis is another unique function of SCF. However, little is known about the intracellular signaling pathway of SCF/KIT-mediated cell migration. To investigate the signaling cascade,(More)
FLT3 tyrosine kinase domain (TKD) mutations are detected in approximately 7% of acute myeloid leukemia patients, and suggested to correlate with poor prognosis and confer resistance to FLT3 inhibitors. To explore activation mechanism of FLT3 TKD mutation, we analysed critical tyrosine residues for the constitutive activation and downstream signaling of the(More)
The ubiquitin-proteasome pathway is responsible for selective degradation of short-lived cellular proteins and is critical for the regulation of many cellular processes. We previously showed that ubiquitin (Ub) secreted from hairy cell leukemia cells had inhibitory effects on clonogenic growth of normal hematopoietic progenitor cells. In this study, we(More)
Substitution of valine (Val) for aspartic acid (Asp) at codon 814 constitutively activates murine c-kit receptor tyrosine kinase (KIT), and Asp816Val mutation, corresponding to murine Asp814Val mutation, is found in patients with mastocytosis and acute myelocytic leukemia. However, the signal transduction pathways responsible for oncogenesis by the(More)