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Functional screening of an Arabidopsis cDNA library enabled the identification of a novel cDNA, ESR1 (for Enhancer of Shoot Regeneration), that can confer cytokinin-independent shoot formation when overexpressed in Arabidopsis root explants. Neither callus induction nor root formation was affected by ESR1 overexpression. ESR1 encodes a putative(More)
Cytokinins stimulate shoot regeneration in tissue culture but the genes required for this developmental process are not well understood. Here we show that the Arabidopsis gene, ENHANCER OF SHOOT REGENERATION 2 (ESR2), encoding an AP2-domain transcriptional factor, functions in the regeneration of shoots in tissue culture. ESR2 overexpression conferred(More)
The tobacco mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase kinase NPK1 regulates lateral expansion of the cell plate at cytokinesis. Here, we show that the kinesin-like proteins NACK1 and NACK2 act as activators of NPK1. Biochemical analysis suggests that direct binding of NACK1 to NPK1 stimulates kinase activity. NACK1 is accumulated specifically in M phase and(More)
A partial cDNA encoding an Arabidopsis thaliana FH (Formin Homology) protein (AFH1) was used as a probe to clone a full length AFH1 cDNA. The deduced protein encoded by the cDNA contains a FH1 domain rich in proline residues and a C-terminal FH2 domain which is highly conserved amongst FH proteins. In contrast to FH proteins of other organisms, the(More)
The Arabidopsis ENHANCER OF SHOOT REGENERATION (ESR)1 and ESR2 genes are thought to play critical roles in in vitro shoot regeneration. In this study, we investigated the functions and expression patterns of ESR1 and ESR2 during shoot regeneration by using their mutants and promoter-reporter systems. Shoot regeneration efficiencies of esr1 esr2 double(More)
The Arabidopsis Enhancer of Shoot Regeneration 1 (ESR1) gene regulates initiation of in vitro shoot regeneration. In this study, we investigated the transcription-modulating potential of ESR1. ESR1 induced reporter gene expression when overexpressed transiently in Arabidopsis leaf cells. Experiments using a fusion protein with the GAL4 DNA-binding domain(More)
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