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Application of molecular dynamics MD simulations to large systems, such as biological macromolecules, is severely limited by the availability of computer resources. As the size of the system increases, the number of Ž. nonbonded forces Coulombic and van der Waals interactions to be evaluated Ž 2. increases as O O N , where N is the number of particles in(More)
The cholesterol biosynthetic pathway produces not only sterols but also non-sterol mevalonate metabolites involved in isoprenoid synthesis. Mevalonate metabolites affect transcriptional and post-transcriptional events that in turn affect various biological processes including energy metabolism. In the present study, we examine whether mevalonate metabolites(More)
Molecular dynamics simulation of the hydrated dimyristoylphosphatidylcholine (DMPC) bilayer membrane in the liquid-crystalline phase was carried out for 5 ns to study the interaction among DMPC headgroups in the membrane/water interface region. The phosphatidylcholine headgroup contains a positively charged choline group and negatively charged phosphate and(More)
Membrane fusion is a key event in vesicular trafficking in every cell, and many fusion-related proteins have been identified. However, how the actual fusion event occurs has not been elucidated. By using molecular dynamics simulations we found that when even a small region of two membranes is closely apposed such that only a limited number of water(More)
This report addresses the following problems associated with the generation of computer models of phospholipid bilayer membranes using molecular dynamics simulations: arbitrary initial structures and short equilibration periods, an Ewald-induced strong coupling of phospholipids, uncertainty regarding which value should be used for surface tension to(More)
To promote our better understanding of the dynamic stability of the bovine cathepsin B structure, which is characterized by an extra disulfide bond at Cys148-Cys252 from the other species, and of the binding stability of CA074 (a cathepsin B-specific inhibitor), molecular dynamics (MD) simulations were performed for the enzyme and its CA074 complex,(More)
The (beta/alpha)(8)-barrel is the most common protein fold. Similar structural properties for folding intermediates of (beta/alpha)(8)-barrel proteins involved in tryptophan biosynthesis have been reported in a number of experimental studies; these intermediates have the last two beta-strands and three alpha-helices partially unfolded, with other regions of(More)
Evaluation of long-range Coulombic interactions still represents a bottleneck in the molecular dynamics (MD) simulations of biological macromolecules. Despite the advent of sophisticated fast algorithms, such as the fast multipole method (FMM), accurate simulations still demand a great amount of computation time due to the accuracy/speed trade-off(More)
Molecular dynamics simulations have been extensively used in research of proteins. Since these simulations are quite computer intensive, their acceleration is of main interest of the research. In molecular dynamics simulations, almost all computing time is consumed in calculating the forces between particles, e.g., Coulomb and van der Waals forces. We have(More)
X-ray crystal structures of bovine pancreas prophospholipase A2 (proPLA2) inhibited by two amide-type inhibitors, [(R)-2-dodecanoyl-amino-1-hexanolphosphocholine (DAHPc) and (R)-2-dodecanoylamino-1-hexanolphosphoglycol (DAHPg)], were determined to R = 0.208 and 0.215 using reflections with up to 2.1 A resolution, respectively. Both complex crystals lacked(More)