Hirofumi Yamanishi

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OBJECTIVES Overexpression of B Cell-activating factor (BAFF) is involved in autoimmunity, but little is known about its role in autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP). The aim of this study was to investigate the role of BAFF in the diagnosis and pathogenesis of AIP. METHODS Patients with AIP (n = 19) were compared with 2 disease control groups (chronic(More)
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), which is characterized by a dysregulated intestinal immune response, is postulated to be controlled by intestinal self-antigens and bacterial Ags. Fecal extracts called cecal bacterial Ag (CBA) have been implicated in the pathogenesis of IBD. In this study, we identified a major protein of CBA related to the pathogenesis of(More)
BACKGROUND Although the outcomes of pancreatic cancer have been improved by gemcitabine, the changes in its characteristics and long-term outcomes within the gemcitabine era remain unclear. This study was conducted to identify clinical characteristics of pancreatic cancer patients within the gemcitabine era. METHODS A retrospective chart review was(More)
IBDs are thought to involve uncontrolled innate and adaptive immunity against intestinal self-antigens and bacterial antigens. Mouse CA I is a major cecal bacterial antigen in fecal extracts and is implicated in the pathogenesis of IBD. We show here that oral tolerization to CA I induced antigen-specific protection from intestinal inflammation in a murine(More)
A lesion was discovered in the tail of the pancreas by ultrasonography performed during a health checkup for a 59-year-old Japanese man. Abdominal contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CE-CT) revealed strong enhancement in a 4-cm tumor in the pancreatic tail and in a 1-cm tumor in the pancreatic body. Serum glucagon levels were elevated to 54,405 pg/mL and(More)
This review discusses the pathological changes in the heart and vessels underlying brain ischaemic injury, with a major focus on atherosclerotic disease of the brain induced by lesions of the extracranial cervical and major intracranial arteries and small-vessel disease of the brain. The carotid bifurcation is the primary site for atherosclerotic changes,(More)
BACKGROUND Dietary long-chain fatty acid (LCFA) intake is an important risk factor for hepatic inflammation and hepatocarcinogenesis. An alternate route of dietary LCFA absorption has been suggested in patients with liver cirrhosis (LC). OBJECTIVE We aimed to determine this alternate route and to identify its mechanism. DESIGN Twenty healthy control(More)
An epithelial cyst in an intrapancreatic accessory spleen (ECIAS) is a rare disease that is commonly misdiagnosed preoperatively. To identify the clinical and imaging features of ECIAS, we reviewed the relevant medical literature. Twenty-one cases of ECIAS were identified, including our own. The cases were mainly diagnosed as mucinous cystic neoplasm (MCN)(More)
B cell-activating factor (BAFF) is a cytokine belonging to the tumor necrosis factor (TNF) superfamily. It has been reported that BAFF is elevated in patients with autoimmune pancreatitis and contributes to the malignant potential of blood cancers and solid tumors. In this study, clinical evidence of increased BAFF levels in patients with pancreatic ductal(More)
Biliary drainage was performed in a 71-year-old man with obstructive jaundice of unknown origin; however, he died due to acute pulmonary failure. At autopsy, proliferation of adenocarcinoma cells was observed in the gallbladder mucosa transitioning from isolated signet-ring cell carcinoma (SRCC) to the subserosa and bile ducts without growth toward the(More)