Hirofumi Utsumi

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Inhibition of transforming growth factor-beta receptor I (TGF-beta RI)-mediated signaling pathways blocks tumor growth and metastases in nonclinical studies. Galunisertib (LY2157299), a small molecule inhibitor of TGF-beta RI serine/threonine kinase, had antitumor effects with acceptable safety/tolerability in a first-in-human dose (FHD) study conducted(More)
AIM The present study investigated whether bevacizumab (BV) is associated with postoperative wound complications (PWCs). PATIENTS AND METHODS We retrospectively analyzed patients undergoing surgery for liver metastases of colorectal cancer at our Institution. Patients were divided into 3 groups according to the preoperative treatment: che mo therapy with(More)
The recommended dose of erlotinib is 150 mg daily either 1 h before a meal (complete fasting) or 2 h after a meal (2 h post-meal), because of the food effect. We conducted a cross-over pharmacokinetic study to compare the fed bioequivalence in the two conditions. Twenty-three patients with non-small cell lung cancer were included in the analysis. AUC0–24(More)
BACKGROUND Accumulation of profibrotic myofibroblasts in fibroblastic foci (FF) is a crucial process for development of fibrosis during idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) pathogenesis, and transforming growth factor (TGF)-β plays a key regulatory role in myofibroblast differentiation. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) has been proposed to be involved in the(More)
BACKGROUND Several studies have assessed the expression of programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) in resected surgical specimens of non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, the expression of PD-L1 in smaller biopsy samples of advanced NSCLC has not been reported. PATIENTS AND METHODS A total of 79 patients with NSCLC at our institution with available(More)
Fibroblastic foci, known to be the leading edge of fibrosis development in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), are composed of fibrogenic myofibroblasts. Autophagy has been implicated in the regulation of myofibroblast differentiation. Insufficient mitophagy, the mitochondria-selective autophagy, results in increased reactive oxygen species, which may(More)
Rigid spine syndrome (RSS) shows clinical similarities to Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy (EDMD). Differential diagnosis between EDMD and RSS is essential because EDMD is often associated with life-threatening cardiomyopathy that can be cured by an implantation of a cardiac pacemaker. To determine if any of the patients with RSS had mutations of the(More)
Accumulation of profibrotic myofibroblasts is involved in the process of fibrosis development during idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) pathogenesis. TGFB (transforming growth factor β) is one of the major profibrotic cytokines for myofibroblast differentiation and NOX4 (NADPH oxidase 4) has an essential role in TGFB-mediated cell signaling. Azithromycin(More)
BACKGROUND Pirfenidone (PFD) is an anti-fibrotic agent used to treat idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), but its precise mechanism of action remains elusive. Accumulation of profibrotic myofibroblasts is a crucial process for fibrotic remodeling in IPF. Recent findings show participation of autophagy/mitophagy, part of the lysosomal degradation machinery,(More)
A 76-year-old woman was diagnosed with lung tuberculosis. On the second day of anti-tuberculosis treatment, she became unconscious and developed status epilepticus accompanied by hyponatremia. The hyponatremia was caused by the syndrome of inappropriate secretion of antidiuretic hormone (SIADH). Detailed examinations revealed that the patient's status(More)