Hirofumi Uchiyama

Learn More
Ca(2+)-dependent activator protein for secretion 2 (CADPS2), a secretory granule associate protein, mediates monoamine transmission and the release of neurotrophins including brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) which have been implicated in psychiatric disorders. Furthermore, the expression of CADPS2deltaExon3, a defective splice variant of CADPS2, has(More)
Semaphorins are ligands of plexins, and the plexin-semaphorin signaling system is widely involved in many neuronal events including axon guidance, cell migration, axon pruning, and synaptic plasticity. The plexin A2 gene (PLXNA2) has been reported to be associated with schizophrenia. This finding prompted us to examine the possible association between the(More)
The β–(1 → 3),(1 → 6)-D-glucan extracellularly produced by Aureobasidium pullulans exhibits immunomodulatory activity, and is used for health supplements. To examine the effects of oral administration of the β–(1 → 3),(1 → 6)-D-glucan to domestic animals, a small scale study was conducted using Holstein cows and newborn Japanese Black calves. Holstein cows(More)
A β-(1,3),(1,6)-D-glucan produced by A. pullulans (AP-PG) is known to be an immune stimulating agent. In this study, we demonstrate that the stimulation with AP-PG effectively induces the interferon (IFN) stimulated genes (ISGs) in macrophage-like cell lines. The ISGs, Mx1, ISG15, and viperin mRNAs were significantly increased in RAW264.7 cells after(More)
Aureobasidium pullulans-derived β-glucan (AP-PG) consisting of a β-(1,3)-linked glucose main chain and β-(1,6)-linked glucose branches is taken as a supplement to improve health. This study demonstrates that oral administration of AP-PG is effective to prevent the development of high-fat diet (HFD)-induced fatty liver in mice. Here, C57BL/6N mice were fed(More)
A β-glucan produced by Aureobasidium pullulans (AP-PG) is consisting of a β-(1,3)-linked main chain with β-(1,6)-linked glucose side residues. Various β-glucans consisting of β-(1,3)-linked main chain including AP-PG are believed to exhibit anti-tumor activities, and actually, anti-tumor activities of AP-PG in mice have been demonstrated. In this study, we(More)
  • 1