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Helicobacter pylori is a major etiological agent in gastroduodenal disorders. In this study, we isolated 36 polyphenols and 4 terpenoids from medicinal plants, and investigated their antibacterial activity against H. pylori in vitro. All hydrolyzable tannins tested demonstrated promising antibacterial activity against H. pylori. Monomeric hydrolyzable(More)
In this analysis of membrane lipid compositions in Helicobacter pylori, the membrane lipid profiles drastically changed during coccoid formation: cholesteryl-6-O-tetradecanoyl-alpha-D-glucopyranoside levels increased, cholesteryl-alpha-D-glucopyranoside and phosphatidyl ethanolamine decreased, and a coordinated increase in cardiolipin and decrease in(More)
Helicobacter pylori assimilates various steroids as membrane lipid components, but it can also survive in the absence of steroids. It thus remains to be clarified as to why the organism relies on steroid physiologically. In this study, we have found that phosphatidylcholine carrying a linoleic acid molecule or arachidonic acid molecule has the potential to(More)
One of the unique features of Helicobacter pylori is its ability to assimilate free-cholesterol (FC) into its membranes. Via FC assimilation, H. pylori strengthens the membrane lipid barrier and/or evades the host immune system. No previous studies, however, have investigated the FC uptake mechanisms of the H. pylori cell. Phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) is(More)
Helicobacter pylori, a pathogen responsible for gastric and duodenal diseases, absorbs various steroid compounds into the cell membrane even though some are toxic to this bacterium. An earlier study by our group has demonstrated that progesterone is bactericidal to H. pylori. In this study, we newly synthesized a steroid compound, 17α-hydroxyprogesterone(More)
We have demonstrated that lipopolysaccharide (LPS) obtained from Burkholderia cepacia, an important opportunistic pathogen, has unique characteristics in both structure and activity. One of the structural characteristics is that the B. cepacia LPS has 4-amino-4-deoxy-L-arabinose (Ara4N) in its inner core region. Polymyxin B (PmxB) is known to act as an LPS(More)
Helicobacter pylori is a unique bacterial species that assimilates various steroids as membrane lipid components. Our group has recently found, however, that certain steroids may impair the viability of H. pylori. In this study, we go on to reveal that estradiol, androstenedione, and progesterone (PS) all have the potential to inhibit the growth of H.(More)
In this study, we have demonstrated that Helicobacter pylori absorbs a steroid prehormone (pregnenolone) and two androgens (dehydroepiandrosterone and epiandrosterone), glucosylates these steroids, and utilizes glucosyl-steroid hormone compounds as the membrane lipid components. The only common structure among the steroid prehormone and the two androgens is(More)
This study demonstrated that the vitamin D₃ decomposition product VDP1 exerts an antibacterial action against Helicobacter pylori but not against other bacteria. Treatment with VDP1 induced a collapse of cell membrane structures of H. pylori and ultimately lysed the bacterial cells. A unique dimyristoyl phosphatidylethanolamine in the membrane lipid(More)
The catabolic pathway for flavodoxin has yet to be clarified for any bacterial species. In this study, we found that the flavin mononucleotide in the flavodoxin of Helicobacter pylori is degraded to riboflavin via the phosphomonoesterase activity of class C acid phosphatase. The result is a conversion of holoflavodoxin to apoflavodoxin.