Hirofumi Shibuya

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A deficiency in the serotonergic system has been suggested as a negative reinforcer in alcoholism. Tryptophan hydroxylase (TPH) is critical in the fine-tuning of serotonergic neurotransmission. We observed a significantly high frequency of the A allele of the IVS7+218A>C polymorphism in intron 7 of the TPH gene in Japanese alcoholics with histories of(More)
Malignant melanoma cells have been reported to be highly resistant to chemotherapeutic agents. To gain insight into the molecular mechanisms underlying chemotherapeutic drug resistance, we examined the role of the Bcl-2 family members Bcl-2 and Bax in cell death in the melanoma cell line G361 following stimulation with cisplatin (CDDP) or dacarbazine(More)
Several lines of evidence implicate the cholecystokinin B receptor (CCKBR) and the A2a adenosine receptor (A2aAR) in the etiology of panic disorder. To determine the roles each of these receptors may play in panic disorder, we have performed a mutation screen on the CCKBR gene using single strand conformation polymorphism (SSCP) analysis and sequencing. We(More)
The effect of the superoxide radical, generated by the hypoxanthine-xanthine oxidase system, on chromosomal mutation was examined in Chinese hamster V79 cells. When cells were treated with this system for 1 h in Hanks' solution, the incidence of metaphases with chromosomal aberrations was increased with hypoxanthine at concentrations of 2.5 to 10(More)
The enhancing effects in vitro of a potent skin-tumor promoter, phorbol myristate acetate (PMA), and its derivatives on nitroblue tetrazolium (NBT) reduction, phagocytosis and cell spreading of mouse peritoneal macrophages were compared. The enhancing effects on these markers of macrophage function, especially NBT reduction, were found to correlate well(More)
The effects of various inhibitors on 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA)-induced reduction of nitroblue tetrazolium (NBT) in mouse peritoneal macrophages were investigated. The reduction was inhibited by phospholipase A2 inhibitors, such as dibromoacetophenone, the lipoxygenase inhibitor nordihydroguaiaretic acid, an NADH-dehydrogenase inhibitor, the(More)
The combined effects of the xanthine oxidase (XO)-hypoxanthine (HX) system and the various kinds of amino acids in Eagle's minimum essential medium on chromosomal aberrations were studied in Chinese hamster V79 cells. Among 13 amino acids tested, only histidine significantly increased the number of aberrant chromosomes and cytotoxicity in combination with(More)
Melanocyte-stimulating hormone (MSH) activity was measured in the pituitaries of genetically obese and lean control mice using the frog skin bioassay. Obese mice pituitaries demonstrated very significantly elevated levels of biologically active MSH when compared to their lean littermates. These results support the hypothesis that the elevated levels of(More)
Two polyacetates, aplysiatoxin and debromoaplysiatoxin, as well as 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA), mezerein and teleocidin enhance nitroblue tetrazolium (NBT) reduction in mouse peritoneal macrophages in vitro. The ED50 values for NBT reduction of these 5 TPA-type tumor promoters were 4.2 ng/ml for TPA, 36 ng/ml for mezerein, 0.53 ng/ml for(More)
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