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The adult brain is extremely vulnerable to various insults. The recent discovery of neural progenitors in adult mammals, however, raises the possibility of repairing damaged tissue by recruiting their latent regenerative potential. Here we show that activation of endogenous progenitors leads to massive regeneration of hippocampal pyramidal neurons after(More)
Recent studies have demonstrated that neural stem cells and other progenitors are present in the adult CNS. Details of their properties, however, remain poorly understood. Here we examined the properties and control mechanisms of neural progenitors in the adult rat spinal cord at the molecular level. Adult and embryonic progenitors commonly expressed(More)
OBJECT Techniques for the surgical treatment of meningioma have undergone many improvements since Simpson established the neurosurgical dogma for meningioma surgery in his seminal paper published in 1957. This study aims to assess the clinical significance and limitations of the Simpson grading system in relation to modern surgery for WHO Grade I benign(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Intracranial fusiform aneurysms can be divided into 2 clinically different subtypes: acute dissecting aneurysms and chronic fusiform or dolichoectatic aneurysms. Of these 2, the natural history and growth mechanism of chronic fusiform aneurysms remains unknown. METHODS A consecutive series of 16 patients with chronic fusiform(More)
BACKGROUND Malignant lymphomas originating primarily in the cavernous sinus have not been histologically verified by any authors. The first reported case to our knowledge of primary cavernous sinus malignant lymphoma, initially diagnosed as benign meningioma and treated by gamma knife radiosurgery, is presented. CASE DESCRIPTION The patient was a(More)
OBJECT Nonsaccular intracranial aneurysms (NIAs) are characterized by dilation, elongation, and tortuosity of intracranial arteries. Dilemmas in management exist due to the limited regarding the natural history of this disease entity. The objective of this study was to determine the prospective risk of subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) in patients with(More)
Oculomotor nerve palsy (ONP) due to internal carotid-posterior communicating artery (PcomA) aneurysm generally manifests as partial nerve palsy including pupillary dysfunction. In contrast, infundibular dilatation (ID) of the PcomA has no pathogenic significance, and mechanical compression of the cranial nerve is extremely rare. We describe a 60-year-old(More)
Basilar artery occlusion (BAO) causing brainstem infarction occurred in a 7-year-old boy without any basic disorders. A diagnosis of BAO due to basilar artery dissection (BAD) was suspected at angiography, and this was confirmed by gadolinium-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). These investigations clearly showed all the typical diagnostic signs such(More)
Global cerebral ischemia models for genetically engineered mice are of particular importance for the study of delayed neuronal death, but have been complicated by variability of vascular anatomy. Here we developed a 5-min cardiac arrest model that was not affected by vascular anatomy, and evaluated the hippocampal neuronal injury in BL/6 and SV129 mice.(More)
OBJECTIVE The optimal surgical procedure (direct, indirect, or combined anastomosis) for management of moyamoya disease is still debated. We evaluated the outcome of our broad area revascularization protocol, the Tokyo Daigaku (The University of Tokyo) (TODAI) protocol, analyzing the relative importance of direct, indirect, and combination revascularization(More)