Hirofumi Miyazaki

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Cellular metabolic changes, especially to lipid metabolism, have recently been recognized as a hallmark of various cancer cells. However, little is known about the significance of cellular lipid metabolism in the regulation of biological activity of glioma stem cells (GSCs). In this study, we examined the expression and role of fatty acid synthase (FASN), a(More)
Transient global ischemia causes neurogenesis in the dentate gyrus of adult rodents. Ischemic insults to rodents also induce cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), an isoform of cyclooxygenases (COXs) and a rate-limiting enzyme for prostanoid synthesis. In the present experiments, adult Mongolian gerbils were chronically treated with acetylsalicylic acid (ASA), a(More)
Kupffer cells (KCs) are involved in the progression of liver diseases such as hepatitis and liver cancer. Several members of the fatty acid binding proteins (FABPs) are expressed by tissue macrophages, and FABP7 is localized only in KCs. To clarify the role of FABP7 in the regulation of KC function, we evaluated pathological changes of Fabp7 knockout mice(More)
Fatty acid-binding proteins (FABPs) bind and solubilize long-chain fatty acids, controlling intracellular lipid dynamics. FABP7 is expressed by astrocytes in the developing brain, and suggested to be involved in the control of astrocyte lipid homeostasis. In this study, we sought to examine the role of FABP7 in astrocytes, focusing on plasma membrane lipid(More)
Dietary polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) caused hypercholesterolaemia in rats. The concentration and output of biliary cholesterol was significantly lower than that of the control group. Biliary output of total bile acids was significantly decreased in rats given the PCB-supplemented diet. Faecal excretion of total steroids (sum of neutral steroids and(More)
Fatty acid binding protein 7 (FABP7) expressed by astrocytes in developing and mature brains is involved in uptake and transportation of fatty acids, signal transduction, and gene transcription. Fabp7 knockout (Fabp7 KO) mice show behavioral phenotypes reminiscent of human neuropsychiatric disorders such as schizophrenia. However, direct evidence showing(More)
Excess dietary tyrosine (12%) caused hypercholesterolemia in male Wistar rats and significantly increased cytochrome P-450 and b5 contents. Bile flow and biliary output of total bile acids were significantly increased in rats fed this diet. Biliary output of cholesterol was not significantly altered, whereas that of taurocholic acid was significantly(More)
BACKGROUND Low placental fatty acid (FA) transport during the embryonic period has been suggested to result in fetal developmental disorders and various adult metabolic diseases, but the molecular mechanism by which FAs are transported through the placental unit remains largely unknown. OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to examine the distribution and(More)
Fatty-acid-binding proteins (FABPs) are key intracellular molecules involved in the uptake, transportation and storage of fatty acids and in the mediation of signal transduction and gene transcription. However, little is known regarding their expression and function in the oligodendrocyte lineage. We evaluate the in vivo and in vitro expression of FABP5 and(More)
Hyperalgesia results from a decreased pain threshold, often subsequent to peripheral tissue damage. Recent reports revealed several promising mechanisms of hyperalgesia, but many issues remain unclear. The glial activation accompanying inflammation of neurotransmission in the spinal cord might be related to the initiation and maintenance of hyperalgesia.(More)
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