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The epithelium of gastric mucosa undergoes constant renewal. However, the mechanisms of regulation of epithelial cell proliferation and differentiation in the gastric mucosa are poorly understood. Many investigators have used primary cultures of gastric mucosal cells to investigate cell physiology of gastric mucosal epithelium (5,8,14). Because this(More)
Although hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) can act synergistically or antagonistically with transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) signaling, molecular mechanism of their crosstalk remains unknown. Using antibodies which selectively distinguished receptor-regulated Smads (R-Smads) phosphorylated at linker regions from those at C-terminal regions, we herein(More)
Tritiated H(3)-digoxin specifically binds to a cardiac (Na(+) + K(+))-activated adenosine triphosphatase. In the presence of adenosine triphosphate and other nucleoside di- and triphosphates, binding is stimulated by sodium ion, the apparent rate constant being similar to that reported for phosphorus-32 incorporation from adenosine triphosphate and for the(More)
Vanilloid receptors subtype 1 (VR1), a nonselective cation channel responsive to capsaicin, protons, and noxious heat, has been recently identified in not only neural but also non-neural cells. In the present study, we demonstrated the peripheral expression of VR1 in gastric mucosal epithelial cells and investigated the role of the receptor in cellular(More)
BACKGROUND Bile acid and Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) are important toxic factors for gastric mucosal injury. We examined the role of bile acid in promoting histologic gastritis and gastric carcinoma in Japanese patients. METHODS A total of 767 patients (452 men, mean age 51.1 years) were studied. Gastric juice was collected by gastro-endoscopic(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Drugs used to treat patients with ulcerative colitis are not always effective because of nonspecific distribution, metabolism in the gastrointestinal tract, and side effects. We designed a nitroxide radical-containing nanoparticle (RNP(O)) that accumulates specifically in the colon to suppress inflammation and reduce the undesirable side(More)
Sonic Hedgehog (Shh), a member of hedgehog peptides family, is expressed in gastric gland epithelium. To elucidate Shh function to gastric mucosal cells, we examined the effect of Shh on the proliferation of a rat normal gastric mucosal cell line, RGM-1. RGM-1 cells express essential components of Shh receptor system, patched-1, and smoothened. Shh enhanced(More)
Oral chemotherapy is the preferred treatment for colon cancer. However, this strategy faces many challenges, including instability in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract, insufficient bioavailability, low tumor targeting, and severe adverse effects. In this study, we designed a novel redox nanoparticle (RNP(O)) that is an ideal oral therapeutics for(More)
Salacia reticulata Wight (S. reticulata) is a herbal medicine used for treatment of early diabetes in Ayurvedic medicine. In previous reports, the extract of S. reticulata showed preventive effects on obesity and various metabolic disorders and a suppressive effect on differentiation in premature adipocytes. The aim of this research was to elucidate the(More)