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Salacia reticulata Wight (S. reticulata) is a herbal medicine used for treatment of early diabetes in Ayurvedic medicine. In previous reports, the extract of S. reticulata showed preventive effects on obesity and various metabolic disorders and a suppressive effect on differentiation in premature adipocytes. The aim of this research was to elucidate the(More)
Fridovich identified CuZnSOD in 1969 and manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) in 1973, and proposed "the Superoxide Theory," which postulates that superoxide (O2 (•-)) is the origin of most reactive oxygen species (ROS) and that it undergoes a chain reaction in a cell, playing a central role in the ROS producing system. Increased oxidative stress on an(More)
Cancer cells often gain advantage by reducing the tumor-suppressive activity of transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) together with stimulation of its oncogenic activity as in Ras-transformed cells; however, molecular mechanisms remain largely unknown. TGF-beta activates both its type I receptor (TbetaRI) and c-Jun NH2-terminal kinase (JNK), which(More)
Gastric luminal ammonia produced by Helicobacter pylori has been shown to cause gastric mucosal injury. This study was conducted to examine the mechanisms by which gastric luminal ammonia causes apoptosis of gastric epithelial cells. Monolayers of GSM06 cells, developed from murine gastric surface mucous cells, were cultured in the absence or presence of(More)
Tumor invasion is the most important factor to decide patient's prognosis. The relation between reactive oxygen species and tumor invasion is mainly reported that nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate oxidase in the cell membrane is a reactive oxygen species producer for formulating an invadopodia. On the other hand, mitochondrion was known as one of(More)
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are the most commonly prescribed drugs for arthritis, inflammation, and cardiovascular protection. However, they cause gastrointestinal complications. The pathophysiology of these complications has mostly been ascribed to non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs' action on the cyclooxygenase inhibition and the subsequent(More)
The mechanism of tumor-specific porphyrin accumulation is not clear. We investigated the expression of proton-coupled folate transporter SLC46A1 in glioma and aimed to clarify the relationship between tumor fluorescence and SLC46A1 expression.We confirmed the expression of SLC46A1 in surgical specimens from 24 glioma patients by immunohistochemistry and(More)
The major problem that has prevented practical application of analog neuro-LSIs has been poor accuracy due to fluctuating analog device characteristics inherent in each device as a result of manufacturing. This paper proposes a dynamic control architecture that allows analog silicon neural networks to compensate for the fluctuating device characteristics(More)
Lansoprazole is effective in healing non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs induced ulcers, and antioxidant properties have been thought to play a key role in healing ulcers. We hypothesize that lansoprazole exerts a cytoprotective effect by inhibiting reactive oxygen species leakage from mitochondria and lipid peroxidation. We pretreated gastric epithelial(More)
Alcohol/ethanol has been reported to derived necrosis and apoptosis with an oxidative stress in gastric mucosal cells. However the clear evidence for reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation by alcohol in gastric cells in vitro is none. In this study, we elucidated ethanol is an oxidative stress inducer on rat gastric epithelial cells by electron(More)