Hirofumi Makino

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The currently used classification reflects our understanding of the pathogenesis of the various forms of lupus nephritis, but clinicopathologic studies have revealed the need for improved categorization and terminology. Based on the 1982 classification published under the auspices of the World Health Organization (WHO) and subsequent clinicopathologic data,(More)
There is a rapid global rise in obesity, and the link between obesity and diabetes remains somewhat obscure. We identified an adipocytokine, designated as visceral adipose tissue-derived serpin (vaspin), which is a member of serine protease inhibitor family. Vaspin cDNA was isolated by from visceral white adipose tissues (WATs) of Otsuka Long-Evans(More)
We previously estimated the prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) stages 3–5 at 19.1 million based on data from the Japanese annual health check program for 2000–2004 using the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) equation multiplied by the coefficient 0.881 for the Japanese population. However, this equation underestimates the GFR,(More)
BACKGROUND Glomerular filtration rate (GFR)-estimating equations based on serum creatinine level may not be accurate across racial groups because of differences among races in creatinine generation. The Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) Study equation was developed in whites and African Americans, but performance was not evaluated in Japanese. (More)
Accurate estimation of the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) is crucial for the detection of chronic kidney disease (CKD). In clinical practice, GFR is estimated from serum creatinine using the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) study equation or the Cockcroft-Gault (CG) equation instead of the time-consuming method of measured clearance for(More)
The number of patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) in Japan has continuously increased in the past three decades. In 2005, 36 063 patients whose average age was 66 years entered a new dialysis program. This large number of ESRD patients could be just the tip of the iceberg of an increasing number of patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD).(More)
OBJECTIVE The Japan Ankylosing Spondylitis Society conducted a nationwide questionnaire survey of spondyloarthropathies (SpA) in 1990 and 1997, (1) to estimate the prevalence and incidence, and (2) to validate the criteria of Amor and the European Spondylarthropathy Study Group (ESSG) in Japan. METHODS Japan was divided into 9 districts, to each of which(More)
IgG4-related disease has attracted wide attention recently. It is characterized by a high level of serum IgG4 and dense infiltration of IgG4-positive plasma cells into multiple organs, with the kidney being one representative target. Although several sets of diagnostic criteria for autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) are available and renal lesion is recognized(More)
Following three series of electric footshocks (10 shocks/day), one out of three rats in most cages were brought to emit ultrasonic vocalization for several minutes after a single shock. The characteristics of shock-elicited ultrasound were pure tone pulses of a frequency between 22 and 28 kHz, with duration longer than 300 msec. The same type of ultrasound(More)
BACKGROUND Plasma uric acid has been associated with hypertension in a variety of disorders, and has been shown to be predictive of hypertension. The mechanistic role of uric acid in the development of hypertension is not known however. METHOD We tested the hypothesis that uric acid stimulates vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) proliferation and oxidative(More)