Hirofumi Kusaka

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Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) has its onset in middle age and is a progressive disorder characterized by degeneration of motor neurons of the primary motor cortex, brainstem and spinal cord. Most cases of ALS are sporadic, but about 10% are familial. Genes known to cause classic familial ALS (FALS) are superoxide dismutase 1 (SOD1), ANG encoding(More)
Basophilic Inclusion Body Disease (BIBD) is a tau-negative form of frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD), characterized by neuronal cytoplasmic inclusions (NCI) that are visible on hematoxylin and eosin stain (HE), contain RNA, and are inconsistently ubiquitin-immunoreactive (ir). The normal nuclear expression of TDP-43 is not altered. Here we(More)
Accumulation of the DNA/RNA binding protein fused in sarcoma as cytoplasmic inclusions in neurons and glial cells is the pathological hallmark of all patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis with mutations in FUS as well as in several subtypes of frontotemporal lobar degeneration, which are not associated with FUS mutations. The mechanisms leading to(More)
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a progressive neurodegenerative disease that primarily involves the motor neuron system. Approximately 5-10% of ALS is familial. Superoxide dismutase 1 (SOD1) gene mutations are shown to be associated with about 20% of familial ALS (FALS) patients. The neuronal Lewy-body-like hyaline inclusion (LBHI) and astrocytic(More)
Most cases of frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD) are characterized by abnormal intracellular accumulation of either tau or TDP-43 protein. However, in ~10% of cases, composed of a heterogenous collection of uncommon disorders, the molecular basis remains to be uncertain. We recently discovered that the pathological changes in several(More)
A 36-year-old man developed motor neuron signs consisting of weakness and atrophy of the right upper limb, which progressed to involve the other limbs along with development of upper motor neuron signs including pseudobulbar palsy. He died 8.5 years after onset. Bilateral precentral gyri and putamina were grossly atrophic. In addition to severe degeneration(More)
The nucleocytoplasmic transport system is essential for maintaining cell viability; transport of proteins and nucleic acids between the nucleus and the cytoplasm occurs through nuclear pore complexes (NPCs). In this study, we examined the immunohistochemical distribution of the major protein components of NPCs, Nup62, Nup88, and Nup153, in spinal cords from(More)
A 53-year-old man initially displayed muscle atrophy and weakness and a slight degree of pyramidal signs, which became more prominent with time. Later, gaze palsy, autonomic dysfunction, and bedsore developed. The total clinical course was 63 months. Pathologically, there was loss of upper and lower motor neurons and other regions, as well as degeneration(More)
This report concerns an immunohistochemical investigation on RNA-related proteins in the basophilic inclusions (BIs) from patients with adult-onset atypical motor neuron disease. Formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded sections of the motor cortex and the lumbar spinal cord were examined. The BIs appeared blue in color with H&E and Nissl stain, and pink with(More)
Accumulation of the DNA/RNA binding protein fused in sarcoma (FUS) as inclusions in neurons and glia is the pathological hallmark of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis patients with mutations in FUS (ALS-FUS) as well as in several subtypes of frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD-FUS), which are not associated with FUS mutations. Despite some overlap in the(More)