Hirofumi Koga

Learn More
OBJECTIVE • To confirm the recurrence-preventing efficacy and safety of 18-month bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) maintenance therapy for non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS • The enrolled patients had been diagnosed with recurrent or multiple non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer (stage Ta or T1) after complete transurethral resection of(More)
BACKGROUND Our previous study reported that cerebral oxygen extraction fraction (OEF) increased in hemodialysis patients with anemia. The increased OEF suggests that the cerebral vasodilatory capacity might be impaired in these patients. To clarify this issue, we measured the CO2 response in patients with anemia secondary to chronic renal failure (CRF)(More)
OBJECTIVES We carried out a prospective, randomized, controlled trial to investigate the efficacy and safety of both induction and maintenance therapy with intravesical instillation of bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) for high-risk non-muscle invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC). METHODS Intravesical instillation of 80 mg Tokyo strain was given to patients with(More)
OBJECTIVE Bone is one of the most common sites of metastasis in breast cancer patients. Although bone scintigraphy is widely used to detect metastatic breast cancer, the usefulness of 18FDG-PET for detecting bone metastasis has not been clearly evaluated. The purpose of this study was to compare the diagnostic accuracy of 18FDG-PET with bone scintigraphy in(More)
OBJECTIVES Carbon-11-L-methyl-methionine (11C-methionine) has been reported to be useful for evaluating brain tumors, but several other brain disorders have also shown signs of high methionine uptake. We retrospectively evaluated the significance of 11C-methionine uptake in cerebrovascular diseases, and also compared our results with those for 18F-FDG PET(More)
PURPOSE In a prospective randomized controlled study, we investigated the optimal schedule for intravesical instillation of epirubicin for maximizing its effect on prophylaxis and disease progression after transurethral resection of newly diagnosed Ta/T1 bladder cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS The patients were instilled with epirubicin (30 mg/30 ml in(More)
BACKGROUND We examined the incidence and severity of adverse drug reactions following intravesical bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) instillation for superficial bladder cancer including carcinoma in situ. We investigated the relationship between adverse drug reactions and patient background to clarify risk factors for the development of adverse drug(More)
INTRODUCTION A kind of lactic acid bacteria, Lactobacillus casei strain Shirota, shows antitumor activity in experimental animals. One clinical trial using L. casei showed a significant decrease in the recurrence of superficial bladder cancer. So, to assess the preventive effect of the intake of L. casei, widely taken as fermented milk products in Japan,(More)
We report a multicenter trial with transrectal high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) in the treatment of localized prostate cancer. A total of 72 consecutive patients with stage T1c-2NOM0 prostate cancer were treated using the Sonablate 500TM HIFU device (Focus Surgery, Indianapolis, USA). Biochemical recurrence was defined according to the criteria(More)
PURPOSE We validated the 2001 Partin tables and developed an original nomogram for Japanese patients using the 2005 International Society of Urological Pathology consensus on Gleason grading. MATERIALS AND METHODS Prostatectomy specimens from 1,188 Japanese men who underwent radical prostatectomy for clinically localized prostate cancer (cT1-2) between(More)