Hirofumi Danbara

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Evidence for the existence of two molecular species of exfoliative toxin (ET) synthesized by Staphylococcus hyicus (SHET) under chromosomal and plasmid control is presented. Serological evidence that these molecular species of toxins are distinct from each other is given. The molecular weights of SHET from plasmidless strain P-1 (SHETA) and from(More)
Salmonella pathogenicity islands are inserted into the genome by horizontal gene transfer and are required for expression of full virulence. Here, we performed tRNA scanning of the genome of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium and compared it with that of nonpathogenic Escherichia coli in order to identify genomic islands that contribute to Salmonella(More)
The formation of disulfide is essential for the folding, activity, and stability of many proteins secreted by Gram-negative bacteria. The disulfide oxidoreductase, DsbA, introduces disulfide bonds into proteins exported from the cytoplasm to periplasm. In pathogenic bacteria, DsbA is required to process virulence determinants for their folding and assembly.(More)
An actinomycete strain, K07-0523(T), was isolated from the roots of an orchid collected in Okinawa prefecture, Japan. 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis indicated that the new strain belonged to the family Micromonosporaceae and the similarity values between strain K07-0523(T) and the type species of 24 genera in the family Micromonosporaceae were 93.3-97.7 %.(More)
Nontyphoid Salmonella enterica requires the plasmid-encoded spv genes to establish successful systemic infection in experimental animals. The SpvB virulence-associated protein has recently been shown to contain the ADP-ribosyltransferase domain. SpvB ADP-ribosilates actin and depolymerizes actin filaments when expressed in cultured epithelial cells.(More)
The replication control system of plasmid R6-5 has been investigated by characterization of high-copy-number mutant miniplasmids, development of an in vivo assay for the site of action or "target" of the replication control elements, and sequence analysis of the replication control regions of the wild-type plasmid and two copy-number mutant derivatives.(More)
Probiotic bacteria are microorganisms that benefit the host through improvement of the balance of intestinal microflora and possibly by augmentation of host defense systems. We examined the mechanisms for the up-regulation of innate immune responses by a probiotic Lactobacillus casei ATCC27139, in vivo. Using mouse models of systemic Listeria monocytogenes(More)
Serum resistance is a crucial virulence factor for the development of systemic infections, including bacteraemia, by many pathogenic bacteria. Salmonella enterica serovar Choleraesuis is an important enteric pathogen that causes serious systemic infections in swine and humans. Here, it was found that, when introduced into Escherichia coli, a recombinant(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of heat-killed Lactobacillus plantarum strain b240 (b240) on systemic infection by Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium (S. Typhimurium) and to determine the mechanism by which b240 protects against infection. Mice were administered either b240 or saline orally for 3 weeks, and then inoculated with(More)
A number of bacteria that are pathogenic for animals and plants possess a type III secretion system (TTSS) to translocate virulence-associated proteins into host cells. In several bacteria, it has been reported that the TTSS is correlated with an ability to cause contact-dependent hemolysis in vitro. Here, we showed that the Salmonella enterica serovar(More)