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The induction of macrophage-deactivating (interleukin-10 [IL-10] and transforming growth factor beta [TGF-beta] and macrophage-activating (IL-1, IL-6, and tumor necrosis factor alpha [TNF-alpha] cytokines by lipoarabinomannan (LAM) from pathogenic Mycobacterium tuberculosis Erdman and H37Rv strains (ManLAM) and nonpathogenic mycobacteria (AraLAM) in human(More)
The expression of TGF-beta, a molecule that affects both immune responsiveness and wound healing, was examined in blood monocytes and granulomatous lesions from patients with active pulmonary tuberculosis. The spontaneous release of TGF-beta was higher in culture supernatants of monocytes from patients as compared with those of healthy subjects by an ELISA(More)
We examined the ability of purified protein derivative (PPD) of Mycobacterium tuberculosis to induce transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF-beta 1), a potent immunosuppressive and macrophage-deactivating molecule, in blood monocytes from healthy individuals. TBF-beta 1 activity in PPD-induced monocyte supernatants was identified by Western immunoblot(More)
Mycobacterium avium is an intracellular pathogen that causes disseminated infection in patients with AIDS. Colonial morphotype (smooth-transparent (SmT) vs smooth-domed (SmD)) is a key determinant of virulence in mice and the capacity for replication in human monocytes. Some cytokines (IL-1 and IL-6) promote, whereas others (IFN-gamma and TNF) inhibit(More)
Certain cytokines including IFN-gamma possess macrophage-activating factor activity that enhances the ability of these effector cells to destroy intracellular pathogens. A panel of recombinant and highly purified human cytokines was screened to detect this effect on the activation of human monocytes to kill Mycobacterium avium in an in vitro model.(More)
Mycobacterium avium-M. intracellulare is a frequent cause of late disseminated infection in patients with AIDS. The ability of human peripheral blood monocytes to phagocytose and kill M. avium was examined in an in vitro model. Monocytes were obtained from 13 healthy volunteers and 11 patients with AIDS, three of whom had documented disseminated M. avium(More)
Disseminated Mycobacterium avium infection in AIDS is associated with high tissue burdens (10(9)-10(10) mycobacteria/g tissue) of organism. The basis for the extraordinary susceptibility of AIDS to M. avium infection is unclear. HIV or its constituents may alter mononuclear phagocyte functions resulting in enhanced intracellular M. avium growth. The effects(More)
Mycobacterium avium is a cause of disseminated infection in AIDS patients. The pathogenicity of M. avium for human monocytes was examined in an in vitro model. Peripheral blood monocytes obtained from 13 healthy donors were precultured for 2 days before infection. Monocytes were infected with six AIDS-associated and three non-AIDS-associated strains and(More)
Cachexia is a prominent feature of advanced tuberculosis, in association with increased expression of the monokine tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha. Monocytes, have high affinity receptors (mannose, complement and Fc gamma1 and gamma111) which mediate antigen uptake and subsequent cytokine activation. Several mycobacterial proteins, including PPD, can(More)
Prostanoids, including prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), suppress macrophage effector functions against Mycobacterium tuberculosis. PGE2 production by monocytes infected with Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) and its effects on intracellular mycobacterial growth were examined. Freshly obtained monocytes from healthy subjects were stimulated with lipopolysaccharide(More)