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Streptomyces avermitilis is a soil bacterium that carries out not only a complex morphological differentiation but also the production of secondary metabolites, one of which, avermectin, is commercially important in human and veterinary medicine. The major interest in this genus Streptomyces is the diversity of its production of secondary metabolites as an(More)
We examined whether synaptic plasticity was preserved in aged rats administered an arachidonic acid (AA) containing diet. Young male Fischer-344 rats (2 mo of age), and two groups of aged rats of the same strain (2 y of age) who consumed either a control diet or an AA ethyl ester-containing diet for at least 3 mo were used. In the Morris water maze task,(More)
Epidemiological studies suggest that the intake of flavonoids is inversely associated with risk of cardiovascular diseases and stroke, but there is no evidence showing the effect of flavonoids on vascular dementia. Because quercetin, a natural flavonoid, is known to scavenge free radicals, we investigated whether quercetin attenuates white matter damage in(More)
Background—Heat-shock protein 70 (HSP70) plays a major role in the pathophysiology of inflammation, and the induction of HSP70 before the onset of inflammation can reduce organ damage through a self-protective system. Glutamine is known to be an inducer of HSP70, and its preoperative administration seems useful in attenuating cardiopulmonary bypass(More)
In most clinical laboratories, low density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol is usually estimated indirectly with the Friedewald equation or directly with the N-geneous assay. We assessed LDL-cholesterol values obtained by both methods to find an appropriate fasting period and to assess the influence of the energy content of the last meal. Blood samples were(More)
We present a measurement of the standard model CP violation parameter sin2 phi(1) based on a 29.1 fb(-1) data sample collected at the Upsilon(4S) resonance with the Belle detector at the KEKB asymmetric-energy e(+)e(-) collider. One neutral B meson is fully reconstructed as a J/psi K(S), psi(2S)K(S), chi(c1)K(S), eta(c)K(S), J/psi K(L), or J/psi K(*0) decay(More)
The aim of this study is to determine experimentally whether N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor is involved in nitrotyrosine formation in rat brain subjected to focal ischemia-reperfusion, by using the NMDA receptor antagonist MK-801. Halothane-anesthetized and artificially ventilated rats were given MK-801 (5 mg/kg, i.p.) or vehicle prior to 2 h of focal(More)
The induction and distribution of 3-L-nitrotyrosine (NO2-Tyr) were examined with HPLC and immunohistochemistry in rabbit spinal cords after 15 minutes of transient ischemia until 7 days of the reperfusion. After the 15-minute ischemia, there was a significant decrease of neurologic scores in the ischemic group compared with the sham-operated control group(More)
Whole-cell recordings of an M-type potassium current (I(M)) were made from dissociated bullfrog sympathetic neurons. Purinoceptor agonists inhibited I(M) with UTP>ADP>adenosine triphosphate=UDP>ATPgammaS=guanosine triphosphate (GTP)>>amyloid precursor protein (APP)(NH)P as the rank order of potency. The IC(50) was 35 nM for UTP, and 2.6 microM for GTP.(More)