Hirobumi Tokuyama

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Sirt1, a NAD-dependent protein deacetylase, is reported to regulate intracellular metabolism and attenuate reactive oxidative species (ROS)-induced apoptosis leading to longevity and acute stress resistance. We created transgenic (TG) mice with kidney-specific overexpression of Sirt1 using the promoter sodium-phosphate cotransporter IIa (Npt2) driven(More)
NAD(+)-dependent protein deacetylase Sirt1 regulates cellular apoptosis. We examined the role of Sirt1 in renal tubular cell apoptosis by using HK-2 cells, proximal tubular cell lines with or without reactive oxygen species (ROS), H(2)O(2). Without any ROS, Sirt1 inhibitors enhanced apoptosis and the expression of ROS scavenger, catalase, and Sirt1(More)
Voltage-dependent Ca channels are classified into several subtypes based on the isoform of their α1 subunits. Traditional Ca channels blockers (CCBs), including nifedipine and amlodipine, act predominantly on L-type Ca channels, whereas novel CCBs such as efonidipine, benidipine and azelnidipine inhibit both L-type and T-type Ca channels. Furthermore,(More)
Sirtuin 1 (Sirt1), a NAD+-regulated deacetylase with numerous known positive effects on cellular and whole-body metabolism, is expressed in the renal cortex and medulla. It is known to have protective effects against age-related disease, including diabetes. Here we investigated the protective role of Sirt1 in diabetic renal damage. We found that Sirt1 in(More)
We examined whether endothelial function of the renal microcirculation was impaired in a model of chronic renal failure (CRF), and further assessed the role of asymmetrical dimethylarginine (ADMA) and its degrading enzyme, dimethylarginine dimethylaminohydrolase (DDAH), in mediating the deranged nitric oxide (NO) synthesis in CRF. CRF was established in(More)
The present study was undertaken to clarify the role of intrarenal angiotensin (Ang) II and its generating pathways in clipped and nonclipped kidneys of 4-week unilateral renal artery stenosis in anesthetized dogs. After 4 weeks, renal plasma flow (RPF) decreased in clipped and nonclipped kidneys (baseline, 59+/-3; clipped, 16+/-1; nonclipped, 44+/-2(More)
BACKGROUND Peritoneal fibrosis (PF) and angiogenesis are typical morphological changes, leading to loss of peritoneal functions in patients undergoing peritoneal dialysis. The small G protein, Rho, and its downstream effector Rho-kinase have been shown to be involved in the tissue fibrosis process. This study was undertaken to investigate the role of(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the in-vivo action on the renal microvasculature of the calcium antagonists nifedipine (L-type blocker), efonidipine (L/T-type blocker), and mibefradil (predominant T-type blocker). DESIGN An intravital needle-type charge-coupled device (CCD) camera videomicroscope was introduced to visualize the renal microcirculation directly in(More)
BACKGROUND The role of gut microbiota in the progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD) has not been fully elucidated. METHODS Renal failure was induced in 6-week-old spontaneously hypertensive rats by 5/6 nephrectomy (Nx). We analyzed the gut microbiota population to identify the relevant species potentially involved in inducing renal damage. Human(More)
Although drugs used in inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) cause renal injury, glomerulopathies may also accompany IBD. We report a case with the rare association of ulcerative colitis (UC) and acute progressive interstitial nephritis. Although the kidney is acknowledged as a target organ for injury as a result of drug nephrotoxicity, our findings lend(More)