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DNA methylation is globally reprogrammed during mammalian preimplantation development, which is critical for normal development. Recent reduced representation bisulfite sequencing (RRBS) studies suggest that the methylome dynamics are essentially conserved between human and mouse early embryos. RRBS is known to cover 5-10% of all genomic CpGs, favoring(More)
Low-dose macrolides are effective therapy in patients with chronic lung infections, but the mechanisms of action are unclear. In this study, we performed DNA microarray analysis of Pseudomonas aeruginosa after treatment with a low concentration of azithromycin. We found that a sub-MIC of azithromycin didn't change mRNA expression of quorum-sensing related(More)
The hormone-specific beta subunits of the four human glycoprotein hormones are homologous, and mapping studies are underway in many laboratories to delineate the amino acid residues responsible for receptor binding and activation. Results on the human choriogonadotropin beta (hCG beta) subunit, obtained using synthetic peptides, chemically modified(More)
Out of 95,000 commercially available chemical compounds screened by the anucleate cell blue assay, 138 selected hit compounds were further screened. As a result, A189, a 4-aminofurazan derivative was found to inhibit FtsZ GTPase with an IC(50) of 80 mug/ml and to exhibit antibacterial activity against Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli. Light(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate viability and subsequent developmental ability in mouse germinal vesicle (GV) oocytes ultrarapidly vitrified with serial stepwise exposure. DESIGN Experimental animal study. SETTING University-based research laboratory. ANIMAL(S) Three- to 4-week-old female (C57BL/6J x CBA) F1 mice in a laboratory environment. INTERVENTION(S)(More)
With the advent of deep-submicron technologies, it has become essential to model the impact of physical/layout effects up front in all design flows \citeITRS02. The effect of layout parasitics is considerable even at the intra-cell level in standard cells. Hence, it has become critically important for any transistor-level optimization to consider the effect(More)
As the Lol system, which is involved in localization of lipoproteins, is essential for Escherichia coli growth and widely conserved among gram-negative bacteria, it is considered to be a promising target for the development of anti-gram-negative bacterial agents. However, no high-throughput screening method has so far been developed to screen for Lol system(More)
A material's mechanical properties greatly control cell behavior at the cell–substrate interface. In this work, we demonstrate that microgel multilayers have unique elastic and viscoelastic-like properties that can be modulated to produce morphological changes in fibroblasts cultured on the film. Protein adsorption is also examined and the data are(More)