Hiroaki Yamato

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Controversy exists over the preferred technique of preoperative biliary drainage (PBD) in patients with hilar cholangiocarcinoma (HCA). The goal of this retrospective study was to identify the preferred technique of PBD for HCA. A total of 128 consecutive patients with HCA diagnosed between September 1999 and December 2009 who underwent PBD were included in(More)
The poly(ADP-ribose) polymerases (PARPs) participate in many biological and pathological processes. Here we report that the PARP-13 shorter isoform (ZAPS), rather than the full-length protein (ZAP), was selectively induced by 5'-triphosphate-modified RNA (3pRNA) and functioned as a potent stimulator of interferon responses in human cells mediated by the RNA(More)
The controversy over whether and how to perform preoperative biliary drainage (PBD) in patients with hilar cholangiocarcinoma (HCA) remains unsettled. Arguments against PBD before pancreatoduodenectomy have recently been gaining momentum. However, the complication-related mortality rate is as high as 10% for patients with HCA who have undergone major liver(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM Autoimmune pancreatitis is commonly associated with immunoglobulin (Ig) G4-related sclerosing cholangitis (IgG4-SC). The discrimination between IgG4-SC and pancreatobiliary malignancies or primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) is now an important issue. The present study was carried out to examine the usefulness of endoscopic biopsies from(More)
AIMS Pyothorax-associated lymphoma (PAL) develops in the pleural cavity of patients with a long history of pyothorax. Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is also involved in PAL, similar to lymphomas in immunodeficient patients. Here we examined T-lymphocyte subsets as well as c-myc and REL gene amplification in PAL tissues. METHODS AND RESULTS We determined the(More)
Aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) is a ligand-activated transcription factor that mediates the toxic activity of many environmental xenobiotics. However, its role in innate immune responses during viral infection is not fully understood. Here we demonstrate that constitutive AHR signaling negatively regulates the type I interferon (IFN-I) response during(More)
Helicobacter pylori (HP) eradication therapy is a useful treatment for idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP). Some investigators have also reported the effects of proton pump inhibitor (PPI) monotherapy on ITP. We performed a randomized study of HP eradication therapy and PPI monotherapy on ITP. Four of nine patients achieved complete remission (CR),(More)
Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cell variants resistant to a carboxylic ionophore, monensin, have been isolated. Two monensin-resistant variants (MonR-31 and MonR-32) showed a three- to fourfold higher resistance to monensin than did CHO. These MonR clones also showed fourfold higher resistance to another carboxylic ionophore, nigericin, and twofold higher(More)