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Long-chain fatty acids (FA) supply 70-80% of the energy needs for normal cardiac muscle. To determine the sources of FA that supply the heart, [(14)C]palmitate complexed to bovine serum albumin and [(3)H]triolein [triglyceride (TG)] incorporated into Intralipid were simultaneously injected into fasted male C57BL/6 mice. The ratio of TG to FA uptake was much(More)
BACKGROUND There are very few clinical reports that have compared the association between cigarette smoking and microangiopathy in Asian patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). The objective of this study was to assess the relationships between urinary protein concentrations and smoking and gender-based risk factors among patients with T1DM. (More)
RATIONALE Hydrolysis of intracellular cholesterol ester (CE) is the key step in the reverse cholesterol transport in macrophage foam cells. We have recently shown that neutral cholesterol ester hydrolase (Nceh)1 and hormone-sensitive lipase (Lipe) are key regulators of this process in mouse macrophages. However, it remains unknown which enzyme is critical(More)
Hormone-sensitive lipase (HSL) regulates the hydrolysis of acylglycerol and cholesteryl ester (CE) in various organs, including adipose tissues. However, the hepatic expression level of HSL has been reported to be almost negligible. In the present study, we found that mice lacking both leptin and HSL (Lep(ob/ob)/HSL(-/-)) showed massive accumulation of CE(More)
Squalene synthase (SS) is the first committed enzyme for cholesterol biosynthesis, located at a branch point in the mevalonate pathway. To examine the role of SS in the overall cholesterol metabolism, we transiently overexpressed mouse SS in the livers of mice using adenovirus-mediated gene transfer. Overexpression of SS increased de novo cholesterol(More)
Regulation of cholesterol metabolism in cultured cells and in the liver is dependent on actions of the LDL receptor. However, nonhepatic tissues have multiple pathways of cholesterol uptake. One possible pathway is mediated by LPL, an enzyme that primarily hydrolyzes plasma triglyceride into fatty acids. In this study, LDL uptake and tissue cholesterol(More)
AIMS/INTRODUCTION We compared clinical characteristics in patients with type 2 diabetes for whom different antihyperglycemic agents were prescribed as monotherapy or combination therapy by diabetes specialists in Japan. MATERIALS AND METHODS Prescription data for 2005, 2008 and 2011 from diabetes specialists' patient registries identified variables(More)
BACKGROUND A low ratio of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA)/arachidonic acid (AA) is considered a risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Smoking is also a risk factor for cardiovascular disease even in an elderly population. This study investigated the relationship between EPA/AA ratio and smoking status among elderly patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus(More)
It has long been a matter of debate whether the hormone-sensitive lipase (HSL)-mediated lipolysis in pancreatic beta-cells can affect insulin secretion through the alteration of lipotoxicity. We generated mice lacking both leptin and HSL Lep(ob/ob)/HSL(-/-) and explored the role of HSL in pancreatic beta-cells in the setting of obesity. Lep(ob/ob)/HSL(-/-)(More)