Hiroaki Yagyu

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Hormone-sensitive lipase (HSL) is known to mediate the hydrolysis not only of triacylglycerol stored in adipose tissue but also of cholesterol esters in the adrenals, ovaries, testes, and macrophages. To elucidate its precise role in the development of obesity and steroidogenesis, we generated HSL knockout mice by homologous recombination in embryonic stem(More)
Lipoprotein lipase is the principal enzyme that hydrolyzes circulating triglycerides and liberates free fatty acids that can be used as energy by cardiac muscle. Although lipoprotein lipase is expressed by and is found on the surface of cardiomyocytes, its transfer to the luminal surface of endothelial cells is thought to be required for lipoprotein lipase(More)
Long-chain fatty acids (FA) supply 70-80% of the energy needs for normal cardiac muscle. To determine the sources of FA that supply the heart, [(14)C]palmitate complexed to bovine serum albumin and [(3)H]triolein [triglyceride (TG)] incorporated into Intralipid were simultaneously injected into fasted male C57BL/6 mice. The ratio of TG to FA uptake was much(More)
The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) enzyme 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase, which converts HMG-CoA to mevalonate, catalyzes the ratelimiting step in cholesterol biosynthesis. Because this mevalonate pathway also produces several non-sterol isoprenoid compounds, the level of HMG-CoA reductase activity may coordinate many cellular(More)
Heparan sulfates, the carbohydrate chains of heparan sulfate proteoglycans, play an important role in basement membrane organization and endothelial barrier function. We explored whether endothelial cells secrete a heparan sulfate degrading heparanase under inflammatory conditions and what pathways were responsible for heparanase expression. Heparanase mRNA(More)
Intracellular lipid accumulation in the heart is associated with cardiomyopathy, yet the precise role of triglyceride (TG) remains unclear. With exercise, wild type hearts develop physiologic hypertrophy. This was associated with greater TG stores and a marked induction of the TG-synthesizing enzyme diacylglycerol (DAG) acyltransferase 1 (DGAT1). Transgenic(More)
Lipoprotein lipase (LPL) is known to play a crucial role in lipoprotein metabolism by hydrolyzing triglycerides; however its role in atherogenesis has yet to be determined. We have previously shown that low density lipoprotein receptor knockout mice overexpressing LPL are resistant to diet-induced atherosclerosis due to the suppression of remnant(More)
Acyl-CoA:cholesterol acyltransferase (ACAT) catalyzes esterification of cellular cholesterol. To investigate the role of ACAT-1 in atherosclerosis, we have generated ACAT-1 null (ACAT-1-/-) mice. ACAT activities were present in the liver and intestine but were completely absent in adrenal, testes, ovaries, and peritoneal macrophages in our ACAT-1-/- mice.(More)
Although very low density lipoprotein (VLDL) receptor (VLDLr) knockout mice have been reported to have no lipoprotein abnormalities, they develop less adipose tissue than control mice when fed a high calorie diet. Mice that are deficient in adipose tissue expression of lipoprotein lipase (LpL) also have less fat, but only when crossed with ob/ob mice. We(More)
Lipid accumulation is associated with cardiac dysfunction in diabetes and obesity. Transgenic mice expressing non-transferable lipoprotein lipase (LpL) with a glycosylated phosphatidyl-inositol (GPI) anchor in cardiomyocytes have dilated cardiomyopathy. However, the mechanisms responsible for lipid accumulation and cardiomyopathy are not clear. Hearts from(More)