Hiroaki Uozumi

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BACKGROUND Cardiac hypertrophy is a fundamental adaptive response to hemodynamic overload; how mechanical load induces cardiac hypertrophy, however, remains elusive. It was recently reported that activation of a calcium-dependent phosphatase, calcineurin, induces cardiac hypertrophy. In the present study, we examined whether calcineurin plays a critical(More)
BACKGROUND Although activation of the Ca(2+)-dependent phosphatase calcineurin has been reported to induce cardiomyocyte hypertrophy, whether calcineurin is involved in pressure overload-induced cardiac hypertrophy remains controversial. METHODS AND RESULTS We examined in the present study the role of calcineurin in pressure overload-induced cardiac(More)
BACKGROUND Although anthracyclines, such as daunomycin (DM) and adriamycin, are potent chemotherapeutic agents, they have serious adverse effects, including cardiac toxicity. In the present study, we investigated the molecular mechanisms of DM-induced cardiomyocyte impairment. METHODS AND RESULTS When cultured cardiac myocytes of neonatal rats were(More)
We have previously reported that stretching of cardiomyocytes activates the phosphorylation cascade of protein kinases, including Raf-1 kinase and mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinases, followed by an increase in protein synthesis partly through enhanced secretion of angiotensin II and endothelin-1. Membrane proteins, such as ion channels and exchangers,(More)
Growth hormone (GH) has been reported to be useful to treat heart failure. To elucidate whether GH has direct beneficial effects on the heart, we examined effects of GH on oxidative stress-induced apoptosis in cardiac myocytes. TUNEL staining and DNA ladder analysis revealed that hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)-induced apoptosis of cardiomyocytes was significantly(More)
Activation of beta-adrenoreceptors induces cardiomyocyte hypertrophy. In the present study, we examined isoproterenol-evoked intracellular signal transduction pathways leading to activation of extracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERKs) and cardiomyocyte hypertrophy. Inhibitors for cAMP and protein kinase A (PKA) abolished isoproterenol-evoked ERK(More)
BACKGROUND Extracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERKs) and calcineurin have been reported to play important roles in the development of cardiac hypertrophy. We examined here the relation between calcineurin and ERKs in cardiomyocytes. METHODS AND RESULTS Isoproterenol activated ERKs in cultured cardiomyocytes of neonatal rats, and the activation was(More)
BACKGROUND The histologic findings of osteochondritis dissecans of the knee vary widely, leading to differences in the interpretation of its origins. Hypothesis The differences in the histologic findings of osteochondritis dissecans might represent a course of pathologic progression. STUDY DESIGN Descriptive laboratory study. METHODS Twelve knees in 11(More)
gp130, a common receptor for the interleukin 6 family, plays pivotal roles in growth and survival of cardiac myocytes. In the present study, we examined the role of gp130 in pressure overload-induced cardiac hypertrophy using transgenic (TG) mice, which express a dominant negative mutant of gp130 in the heart under the control of alpha myosin heavy chain(More)
[Purpose] We tested the reliability and validity of the Japanese version of the Short Questionnaire to Assess Health-enhancing Physical Activity scale in asymptomatic older adults and sought to confirm discriminator validity in women with osteoarthritis. [Subjects] The participants included an asymptomatic comparison group (men and women) and women with(More)