Hiroaki Ueno

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Ghrelin is primarily secreted from the stomach and has been implicated in the coordination of eating behavior and weight regulation. The effects of Helicobacter pylori infection on plasma ghrelin concentration and gastric ghrelin production still have not been well known. We determined plasma ghrelin concentration in a total of 160 consecutive individuals(More)
Peptide YY (PYY), a 36-amino-acid peptide, is secreted primarily from L-cells residing in the intestinal mucosa of the ileum and large intestine. PYY, which belongs to a family of peptides including neuropeptide Y (NPY) and pancreatic polypeptide, is released into the circulation as PYY(1-36) and PYY(3-36); the latter is the major form of PYY in gut mucosal(More)
Extensive SAR studies on the unselective BRS3 agonist, [H-D-Phe6,beta-Ala11,Phe13,Nle14]-bombesin-(6-14)-nonapeptide amide, have highlighted structural features important for BRS3 activity and have provided guidance as to the design of selective agonists. A radically modified heptapeptide agonist, maintaining only the Trp-Ala moiety of the parent(More)
Ghrelin, an endogenous ligand for the growth-hormone-secretagogue receptor, was isolated from human and rat stomach. It is a 28-amino acid peptide with a posttranslational acyl modification that is indispensable for its activity. In addition to stimulating growth-hormone secretion, food intake, and body weight gain, ghrelin also plays a role in a variety of(More)
Ghrelin is a body weight-regulating peptide produced and secreted primarily by the gastric mucosa. Helicobacter pylori infection impairs gastric ghrelin production, leading to a lower plasma ghrelin concentration. However, the effect of H. pylori eradication on plasma ghrelin levels and its relation to body weight change after H. pylori cure are still(More)
OBJECTIVE In recent years great advances have been made in our understanding of the peripheral signals produced within the gastrointestinal tract that regulate appetite, such as ghrelin and peptide YY (PYY). While ghrelin elicites hunger signals, PYY elicites satiety. Therefore, alterations in hormone physiology may play a role in the pathogenesis of(More)
Obestatin is a 23-amino acid peptide, initially isolated from rat stomach as an endogenous ligand for the orphan G-protein-coupled receptor. Obestatin is derived from proteolytic cleavage of a 117-amino acid precursor, preproghrelin. Ghrelin increases food intake, body weight, and gastric emptying, whereas obestatin has the opposite effects. In this study,(More)
OBJECTIVES There are contradictory reports on the relationship between Helicobacter pylori and circulating ghrelin. We sought to clarify the influence of H. pylori infection on gastric and plasma ghrelin dynamics in humans. METHODS Using endoscopic biopsies from the corpus of 56 H. pylori-infected patients and 25 uninfected subjects, ghrelin mRNA(More)
AIM To determine the concentrations of leptin and ghrelin, which have opposite effects on appetite, energy expenditure, and weight control, in the plasma of patients with Crohn's disease (CD), which is often associated with weight loss and malnutrition. METHODS Plasma leptin and ghrelin 'concentrations were determined in 28 outpatients with CD by(More)