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Peptide YY (PYY), a 36-amino-acid peptide, is secreted primarily from L-cells residing in the intestinal mucosa of the ileum and large intestine. PYY, which belongs to a family of peptides including neuropeptide Y (NPY) and pancreatic polypeptide, is released into the circulation as PYY(1-36) and PYY(3-36); the latter is the major form of PYY in gut mucosal(More)
Circulating ghrelin and growth hormone (GH) are up-regulated in anorexia nervosa (AN) as a consequence of prolonged starvation. The current study examines the effect of nutritional rehabilitation with improvement of eating behavior on ghrelin and GH levels in AN patients during the course of inpatient treatment. The subjects included 34 female AN patients(More)
Normal bone growth and repair is dependent on angiogenesis. Fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF-2), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), and transforming growth factor-beta (TGFbeta) have all been implicated in the related processes of angiogenesis, growth, development, and repair. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationships between(More)
Ghrelin, an endogenous ligand for the growth-hormone-secretagogue receptor, was isolated from human and rat stomach. It is a 28-amino acid peptide with a posttranslational acyl modification that is indispensable for its activity. In addition to stimulating growth-hormone secretion, food intake, and body weight gain, ghrelin also plays a role in a variety of(More)
Obestatin is a 23-amino acid peptide, initially isolated from rat stomach as an endogenous ligand for the orphan G-protein-coupled receptor. Obestatin is derived from proteolytic cleavage of a 117-amino acid precursor, preproghrelin. Ghrelin increases food intake, body weight, and gastric emptying, whereas obestatin has the opposite effects. In this study,(More)
OBJECTIVE Ghrelin is thought to be involved in the regulation of eating behaviour and energy metabolism in acute and chronic feeding states. Circulating plasma ghrelin levels in healthy humans have been found to decrease significantly after oral glucose administration. Because it is suggested that eating behaviour may influence the secretion of ghrelin and(More)
Patients with bulimia nervosa (BN) have bulimic and depressive symptoms, which have been associated with abnormalities in the neuroendocrine and vagal systems. Subjects included twenty-four female drug-free outpatients with BN that were selected from patients seeking treatment for eating behavior in our hospital along with twenty-five age-matched healthy(More)
The hypothalamus is a center of food intake and energy metabolism regulation. Information signals from peripheral organs are mediated through the circulation or the vagal afferent pathway and input into the hypothalamus, where signals are integrated to determine various behaviors, such as eating. Numerous appetite-regulating peptides are expressed in the(More)
INTRODUCTION Both dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors and α-glucosidase inhibitors (α-GI) have been reported to change the incretin and insulin secretion. To examine the effects of acarbose, miglitol, and sitagliptin on glucose metabolism and secretion of gut peptides, we conducted a crossover study in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). METHODS(More)
Heavy meromyosin (HMM) of myosin II and cofilin each binds to actin filaments cooperatively and forms clusters along the filaments, but it is unknown whether the two cooperative bindings are correlated and what physiological roles they have. Fluorescence microscopy demonstrated that HMM-GFP and cofilin-mCherry each bound cooperatively to different parts of(More)