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Peptide YY (PYY), a 36-amino-acid peptide, is secreted primarily from L-cells residing in the intestinal mucosa of the ileum and large intestine. PYY, which belongs to a family of peptides including neuropeptide Y (NPY) and pancreatic polypeptide, is released into the circulation as PYY(1-36) and PYY(3-36); the latter is the major form of PYY in gut mucosal(More)
Circulating ghrelin and growth hormone (GH) are up-regulated in anorexia nervosa (AN) as a consequence of prolonged starvation. The current study examines the effect of nutritional rehabilitation with improvement of eating behavior on ghrelin and GH levels in AN patients during the course of inpatient treatment. The subjects included 34 female AN patients(More)
OBJECTIVE This study aimed to assess the efficacy and safety of our newly developed nasal glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) compound and injector. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Twenty-six patients with type 2 diabetes were enrolled in this double-blind placebo-controlled study. The nasal compound containing 1.2 mg of human GLP-1 (7-36) amide or placebo was(More)
Ghrelin, an endogenous ligand for the growth-hormone-secretagogue receptor, was isolated from human and rat stomach. It is a 28-amino acid peptide with a posttranslational acyl modification that is indispensable for its activity. In addition to stimulating growth-hormone secretion, food intake, and body weight gain, ghrelin also plays a role in a variety of(More)
Normal bone growth and repair is dependent on angiogenesis. Fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF-2), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), and transforming growth factor-beta (TGFbeta) have all been implicated in the related processes of angiogenesis, growth, development, and repair. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationships between(More)
Obestatin is a 23-amino acid peptide, initially isolated from rat stomach as an endogenous ligand for the orphan G-protein-coupled receptor. Obestatin is derived from proteolytic cleavage of a 117-amino acid precursor, preproghrelin. Ghrelin increases food intake, body weight, and gastric emptying, whereas obestatin has the opposite effects. In this study,(More)
OBJECTIVE Ghrelin is thought to be involved in the regulation of eating behaviour and energy metabolism in acute and chronic feeding states. Circulating plasma ghrelin levels in healthy humans have been found to decrease significantly after oral glucose administration. Because it is suggested that eating behaviour may influence the secretion of ghrelin and(More)
The temperature-independence point (TIP) of the drain current for MOS transistors in a 0.1&mu;m-scale pocket-implant technology is gate-length (<i>L</i><inf>g</inf>) dependent and has different magnitudes for n-MOSFET and p-MOSFET. Circuits such as ring-oscillators have a TIP, lying between the values for n- and p-MOSFET. The circuit TIP is close to the(More)
Patients with bulimia nervosa (BN) have bulimic and depressive symptoms, which have been associated with abnormalities in the neuroendocrine and vagal systems. Subjects included twenty-four female drug-free outpatients with BN that were selected from patients seeking treatment for eating behavior in our hospital along with twenty-five age-matched healthy(More)