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Liver cancer, which is most often associated with virus infection, is prevalent worldwide, and its underlying etiology and genomic structure are heterogeneous. Here we provide a whole-genome landscape of somatic alterations in 300 liver cancers from Japanese individuals. Our comprehensive analysis identified point mutations, structural variations (STVs),(More)
Most of the studies characterizing DNA methylation patterns have been restricted to particular genomic loci in a limited number of human samples and pathological conditions. Herein, we present a compromise between an extremely comprehensive study of a human sample population with an intermediate level of resolution of CpGs at the genomic level. We obtained(More)
Aberrant activation and upregulation of the Wnt pathway is a key feature of many cancers. Wnt antagonists have recently attracted wide attention. Wnt inhibitory factor-1 (WIF-1) is a secreted antagonist that can bind to Wnt proteins directly and inhibit Wnt signaling pathway. It has been reported that WIF-1 expression is down regulated in several solid(More)
Fas antigen (Fas) is a cell surface receptor that triggers apoptosis in sensitive cells when bound to the Fas ligand (Fas L). The present study was undertaken to identify the presence of a Fas-Fas L system in bovine corpus luteum (CL) and to evaluate the regulation of Fas-mediated luteal cell death by leukocyte-derived cytokines. The reverse(More)
The human HSD3B2 gene encodes the 3beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase/delta5-delta4 isomerase type 2 (3beta-HSD2) enzyme that is required for steroid hormone biosynthesis. Mutations in the hHSD3B2 gene are responsible for a form of congenital adrenal hyperplasia and male pseudohermaphroditism whereas overexpression of hHSD3B2 has been recently associated(More)
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) play a role in collagen breakdown, leading to plaque instability. High levels of MMPs mRNA and proteins, especially MMP-1, MMP-2, MMP-8, MMP-9, and MMP-13, were shown in human atherosclerotic plaques. However, among various MMPs, only MMP-1, MMP-8 and MMP-13, so-called interstitial collagenases, can initiate collagen(More)
BACKGROUND In mammals, sex determination is genetically controlled. The SRY gene, located on Y chromosome, functions as the dominant genetic switch for testis development. The SRY gene is specifically expressed in a subpopulation of somatic cells (pre-Sertoli cells) of the developing urogenital ridge for a brief period during gonadal differentiation.(More)
The molecular basis underlying the aberrant DNA-methylation patterns in human cancer is largely unknown. Altered DNA methyltransferase (DNMT) activity is believed to contribute, as DNMT expression levels increase during tumorigenesis. Here, we present evidence that the expression of DNMT3b is post-transcriptionally regulated by HuR, an RNA-binding protein(More)
Expression of E1AF/PEA3 (ETV4), an ets family transcriptional factor, has been implicated in tumor progression through induction of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) expression. The aim of this study was to examine E1AF mRNA expression and to determine whether it is correlated with progression of, and/or MMP expression in, human gastric cancer. Using the(More)