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Posttranslational modifications of synapsin I, a major phosphoprotein in synaptic terminals, were studied by mass spectrometry. In addition to a well known phosphorylation site by calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaM kinase II), a hitherto unrecognized site (Ser553) was found phosphorylated in vivo. The phosphorylation site is immediately followed by(More)
The molecular basis underlying the aberrant DNA-methylation patterns in human cancer is largely unknown. Altered DNA methyltransferase (DNMT) activity is believed to contribute, as DNMT expression levels increase during tumorigenesis. Here, we present evidence that the expression of DNMT3b is post-transcriptionally regulated by HuR, an RNA-binding protein(More)
Microtubule-associated protein MAP1B, a major neuronal cytoskeletal protein, is expressed highly during the early stage of brain development and is thought to play an important role in brain development. Although it has been shown that MAP1B localizes both in cytosol and particulate fractions, the underlying molecular mechanism in the membrane localization(More)
Morphologically, early colorectal tumors are divided into two groups, protruded-type tumors and flat-type tumors. Although some studies have shown genetic alterations in protruded-type tumors, little is known about genetic and epigenetic alterations in flat-type tumors, as well as pT1 (early invasive) colorectal cancers (CRCs). In the current study, we(More)
It is now becoming clear that matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) play a key role in tumor development and growth. MMPs are overexpressed in a variety of premalignant tumor tissues, including colorectal adenoma. Little is known about the mechanisms underlying the overexpression of MMPs in adenoma tissues. E1AF, an Ets family transcriptional factor, has been(More)
PURPOSE The aim of this study was to characterize the relationship of insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-II expression with IGF-I, IGF-I receptor (IGF-IR), cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), and matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-7 in early colorectal carcinogenesis. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN With the semiquantitative reverse transcriptase-PCR, 90 human colorectal tumor(More)
PURPOSE Insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-I receptor (IGF-IR) signaling is required for carcinogenicity and proliferation of gastrointestinal cancers. We have previously shown successful targeting therapy for colorectal, pancreatic, gastric, and esophageal carcinomas using recombinant adenoviruses expressing dominant negative IGF-IR. Mutation in k-ras is one(More)
Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are thought to be responsible for tumor initiation, drug and radiation resistance, invasive growth, metastasis, and tumor relapse, which are the main causes of cancer-related deaths. Gastrointestinal cancers are the most common malignancies and still the most frequent cause of cancer-related mortality worldwide. Because(More)
Expression of matrilysin-2, matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-26, has been implicated in the progression of several types of human cancer. Matrilysin-2 has been reported to be a physiological and pathological activator of pro-MMP-9. The aim of this study was to examine matrilysin-2 expression and determine whether it is correlated with progression of human(More)
Adult T-cell leukemia-lymphoma (ATL), an aggressive neoplasm etiologically associated with HTLV-1, is a chemoresistant malignancy. Heat shock protein 90 (HSP90) is involved in folding and functions as a chaperone for multiple client proteins, many of which are important in tumorigenesis. In this study, we examined NVP-AUY922 (AUY922), a second generation(More)