Hiroaki Takemoto

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AIMS There is little knowledge about the predictors of left atrial appendage (LAA) thrombi in non-valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF). We investigated the ability of D-dimer to predict LAA thrombi. METHODS AND RESULTS In this study, 925 patients with NVAF were enrolled. At the time of transoesophageal echocardiography (TEE), D-dimer levels were measured(More)
Agarwood oil and spikenard extract were examined for their sedative activity using a spontaneous vapor administration system. It was shown that inhalation of agarwood oil vapor sedated mice. The main volatile constituents of the oil were found to be benzylacetone [agarwood oil from a Hong Kong market (1)], or alpha-gurjunene and (+)-calarene [agarwood oil(More)
Valerena-4,7(11)-diene and beta-maaliene were isolated from spikenard for the first time, and the effects of inhaling these compounds were investigated. Both compounds reduced the locomotor activity of mice dose-dependently, even at a low dose. Valerena-4,7(11)-diene had a particularly profound effect, with the strongest sedative activity observed at a dose(More)
Caffeine is the most widely used pharmacologic substance in the world. It is found in common nonessential grocery items (e.g., coffee, tea, cocoa, and chocolate). The effects of caffeine on cardiovascular diseases, including hypertension, remain controversial, and there is little information on its direct effect on vascular function. The purpose of this(More)
Dried Nardostachys chinensis roots contain sesquiterpenoids that are widely used as herbal tranquilizers. We previously identified the highly sedative sesquiterpenoid valerena-4,7(11)-diene (VLD) from this plant. In the present study, we investigated stress reducing effects of VLD and the associated mechanisms of action. Application of 15-min restraint(More)
The purpose of this study was to evaluate endothelial function in patients with periodontitis. We evaluated forearm blood flow responses to acetylcholine and sodium nitroprusside in patients with periodontitis who had no other cardiovascular risk factors (32 men; 25+/-3 years of age), in a normal control group (20 men; 26+/-3 years of age), and in(More)
Recent studies have shown that the augmentation index (AI) is a predictor of cardiovascular complications. Endothelial dysfunction is the initial step in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis, which in turn can lead to cardiovascular complications. Endothelial function assessed by flow-mediated dilation (FMD) can serve as an independent predictor of(More)
BACKGROUND Measurement of flow-mediated vasodilation (FMD) is used to assess endothelial function in humans and according to the guidelines, subjects must remain supine during the study. However, measurement of FMD while seated would be more comfortable and convenient for patients, so the purpose of this study was to determine the effect of the patient's(More)
OBJECTIVES We investigated the relationship between ultrasonographic features of the carotid artery and the angiographic features of coronary plaques in acute coronary syndrome (ACS). BACKGROUND The carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) may be a marker of advanced coronary artery disease. METHODS Consecutive ACS patients (N = 125) underwent B-mode(More)
BACKGROUND Recent studies have revealed the existence of bone marrow-derived endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs). The number of circulating EPCs might reflect the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis and progression of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between the number of EPCs and cardiovascular risk(More)