Hiroaki Takahashi

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Large intergenic noncoding RNAs (lincRNA) have been less studied than miRNAs in cancer, although both offer considerable theranostic potential. In this study, we identified frequent upregulation of miR-196a and lincRNA HOTAIR in high-risk gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST). Overexpression of miR-196a was associated with high-risk grade, metastasis and(More)
BACKGROUND Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) was originally developed in Japan for en bloc resection of gastric neoplasms. OBJECTIVE To clarify whether the novel ESD procedure is feasible and gives results that justify the pursuit of integrated minimally invasive procedures aimed at curing early squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus (SCCE). (More)
In fear-conditioning paradigms, rats display a freezing response not only upon presentation of a conditioned stimulus (usually tone), but also when returned to a conditioning chamber (context) in which they received an unconditioned stimulus (usually a foot shock). These paradigms have intrinsic advantages for screening effects of chemicals on learning and(More)
BACKGROUND The specialized columnar epithelium of Barrett's esophagus can be detected by obtaining random or 4 quadrant biopsy specimens at conventional endoscopy. However, little is known about the fine mucosal structure of specialized columnar epithelium. METHODS Thirty patients with Barrett's esophagus were studied by magnifying endoscopy. The fine(More)
Human gut microbiota is being increasingly recognized as a player in colorectal cancers (CRCs). Evidence suggests that Fusobacterium nucleatum (F. nucleatum) may contribute to disease progression and is associated with CpG island methylator phenotype (CIMP) and microsatellite instability (MSI) in CRCs; however, to date, there are no reports about the(More)
BACKGROUND Esophageal stenosis following endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) is a serious adverse event that makes subsequent management more difficult. METHODS This parallel, randomized, controlled, open-label study was designed to examine whether local steroid injection is an effective prophylactic treatment for esophageal stenoses following(More)
The prognosis for patients with alveolar echinococcosis of the liver (AEL) is excellent when the lesion is completely resected. Early detection of the disease and subsequent resection of the lesion are thus indispensable; however, the usefulness of screening systems is now controversial. This study was designed to compare screened and non-screened patients(More)
A case of primary adenosquamous carcinoma of the liver in a patient with an elevated level of serum squamous cell carcinoma-related antigen is reported. A 68-year-old man was admitted to our hospital with a 10-day history of fever and jaundice. From the results of laboratory and imaging studies before surgery, a diagnosis of cholangiocellular carcinoma was(More)
The Bacillus subtilis gene pgsA, which codes for the phosphatidylglycerophosphate synthase that catalyzes the committed step for the synthesis of phosphatidylglycerol (PG), is essential since Pspac-pgsA cells require IPTG for growth. Removal of the inducer caused a dramatic decrease of PG content in the membranes of cells and retarded growth. At 60 min and(More)
Corneal endothelial dysfunction accompanied by visual disturbance is a primary indication for corneal transplantation. We previously reported that the adhesion of corneal endothelial cells (CECs) to a substrate was enhanced by the selective ROCK inhibitor Y-27632. It is hypothesized that the inhibition of ROCK signaling may manipulate cell adhesion(More)