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BACKGROUND Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) was originally developed in Japan for en bloc resection of gastric neoplasms. OBJECTIVE To clarify whether the novel ESD procedure is feasible and gives results that justify the pursuit of integrated minimally invasive procedures aimed at curing early squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus (SCCE). (More)
Large intergenic noncoding RNAs (lincRNA) have been less studied than miRNAs in cancer, although both offer considerable theranostic potential. In this study, we identified frequent upregulation of miR-196a and lincRNA HOTAIR in high-risk gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST). Overexpression of miR-196a was associated with high-risk grade, metastasis and(More)
BACKGROUND Esophageal stenosis following endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) is a serious adverse event that makes subsequent management more difficult. METHODS This parallel, randomized, controlled, open-label study was designed to examine whether local steroid injection is an effective prophylactic treatment for esophageal stenoses following(More)
The prognosis for patients with alveolar echinococcosis of the liver (AEL) is excellent when the lesion is completely resected. Early detection of the disease and subsequent resection of the lesion are thus indispensable; however, the usefulness of screening systems is now controversial. This study was designed to compare screened and non-screened patients(More)
In fear-conditioning paradigms, rats display a freezing response not only upon presentation of a conditioned stimulus (usually tone), but also when returned to a conditioning chamber (context) in which they received an unconditioned stimulus (usually a foot shock). These paradigms have intrinsic advantages for screening effects of chemicals on learning and(More)
BACKGROUND The specialized columnar epithelium of Barrett's esophagus can be detected by obtaining random or 4 quadrant biopsy specimens at conventional endoscopy. However, little is known about the fine mucosal structure of specialized columnar epithelium. METHODS Thirty patients with Barrett's esophagus were studied by magnifying endoscopy. The fine(More)
We describe brain lesions in a patient with a monocarboxylate transporter 8 mutation. Imaging showed a high T2 lesion in the left putamen at age 3 and a right putamen lesion at age 6. Cerebrospinal fluid free thyroxine concentrations were low, with normal 3,3',5-triiodothyronine concentrations.
Human gut microbiota is being increasingly recognized as a player in colorectal cancers (CRCs). Evidence suggests that Fusobacterium nucleatum (F. nucleatum) may contribute to disease progression and is associated with CpG island methylator phenotype (CIMP) and microsatellite instability (MSI) in CRCs; however, to date, there are no reports about the(More)
BACKGROUND Clinical methods for the early detection of doxorubicine (adriamycin; ADR) -induced cardiotoxicity have not been established. This study prospectively investigated whether atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP), brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) and cardiac troponin T (TnT) are predictors for ADR-induced cardiotoxicity, and examined the correlations(More)
AIM To investigate insulin-like growth factor 2 (IGF2) differentially methylated region (DMR)0 hypomethylation in relation to clinicopathological and molecular features in colorectal serrated lesions. METHODS To accurately analyze the association between the histological types and molecular features of each type of serrated lesion, we consecutively(More)