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BACKGROUND Esophageal stenosis following endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) is a serious adverse event that makes subsequent management more difficult. METHODS This parallel, randomized, controlled, open-label study was designed to examine whether local steroid injection is an effective prophylactic treatment for esophageal stenoses following(More)
It is known that bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) regulate gonadotropin transcription and production by pituitary gonadotrope cells. However, the role of BMPs in gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH)-induced FSH production remains uncertain. Here, we describe a functional link between BMP-6 and BMP-7 signals and FSH transcriptional activity induced by(More)
Autism has been associated with chromosomal aberrations, including duplications at chromosome 4, and the identification of genetic factors contributing to the etiology of this disease is the focus of much research. Here we report a Japanese girl with mosaic of chromosome 4p duplication, mos 46,XX,dup(4)(p12p16)[54]/46,XX[6], who was diagnosed with autism at(More)
In fear-conditioning paradigms, rats display a freezing response not only upon presentation of a conditioned stimulus (usually tone), but also when returned to a conditioning chamber (context) in which they received an unconditioned stimulus (usually a foot shock). These paradigms have intrinsic advantages for screening effects of chemicals on learning and(More)
Intrathecal (i.t.) administration into mice of N-ethylmaleimide (NEM), a cysteine protease inhibitor, produced a characteristic behavioral response, the biting and/or licking of the hindpaw and the tail along with slight hindlimb scratching directed toward the flank. The behavior induced by NEM was inhibited by the intraperitoneal injection of morphine. We(More)
Dynorphins, the endogenous opioid peptides derived from prodynorphin may participate not only in the inhibition, but also in facilitation of spinal nociceptive transmission. However, the mechanism of pronociceptive dynorphin actions, and the comparative potential of prodynorphin processing products to induce these actions were not fully elucidated. In our(More)
The pentylenetetrazole (30 mg/kg i.v.)-induced blood flow increase in cat lip was more marked on the sympathectomized side than on the intact side (P < 0.01). This difference is probably dependent on the degree of simultaneous activation of the sympathetic nerve elicited by pentylenetetrazole administration. The blood flow increases were markedly suppressed(More)
During the development of type 2 diabetes, endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress leads to not only insulin resistance but also to pancreatic beta cell failure. Conversely, cell function under various stressed conditions can be restored by reducing ER stress by activating AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK). However, the details of this mechanism are still(More)
PURPOSE We evaluated the relationship between dosimetric parameters (DPs) and the incidence of radiation pneumonitis (RP) and investigated the feasibility of a proposed treatment planning technique with the potential of reducing RP in esophageal cancer patients treated with definitive chemoradiotherapy using extended fields. PATIENTS AND METHODS A total(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the pharmacokinetics and efficacy of topically applied nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) in the retinochoroidal tissues of rabbits. METHODS The cyclooxygenase (COX) inhibitory activity of diclofenac, bromfenac, and amfenac, an active metabolite of nepafenac, were determined using human-derived COX-1 and COX-2. Each of the(More)