Hiroaki Satoh

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Insulin resistance is a major hallmark in the development of type 2 diabetes, which is characterized by an impaired ability of insulin to inhibit glucose output from the liver and to promote glucose uptake in muscle. The nuclear hormone receptor coactivator PGC-1 (peroxisome proliferator-activated (PPAR)-gamma coactivator-1) has been implicated in the onset(More)
Lipid infusion and high fat feeding are established causes of systemic and adipose tissue insulin resistance. In this study, we treated 3T3-L1 adipocytes with a mixture of free fatty acids (FFAs) to investigate the molecular mechanisms underlying fat-induced insulin resistance. FFA treatment impaired insulin receptor-mediated signal transduction and(More)
G protein-coupled receptor kinases (GRKs) regulate seven-transmembrane receptors (7TMRs) by phosphorylating agonist-activated 7TMRs. Recently, we have reported that GRK2 can function as a negative regulator of insulin action by interfering with G protein-q/11 alpha-subunit (Galphaq/11) signaling, causing decreased glucose transporter 4 (GLUT4)(More)
Insulin stimulates glucose transport by promoting translocation of GLUT4 proteins from the perinuclear compartment to the cell surface. It has been previously suggested that the microtubule-associated motor protein kinesin, which transports cargo toward the plus end of microtubules, plays a role in translocating GLUT4 vesicles to the cell surface. In this(More)
We investigated the chronic in vivo effect of resistin on insulin sensitivity and glucose metabolism by overexpressing resistin protein in male Wistar rats using intravenous administration of an adenovirus encoding mouse resistin. After 7 days of elevated resistin levels at a supraphysiological concentration, the animals displayed glucose intolerance and(More)
G protein-coupled receptor kinases (GRKs) represent a class of proteins that classically phosphorylate agonist-activated G protein-coupled receptors, leading to uncoupling of the receptor from further G protein activation. Recently, we have reported that the heterotrimeric G protein alpha-subunit, Galphaq/11, can mediate insulin-stimulated glucose(More)
ERRATUM: GC-1 promotes insulin resistance in liver through PPAR-α-dependent induction of TRB-3 Seung-Hoi Koo, Hiroaki Satoh, Stephan Herzig, Chih-Hao Lee, Susan Hedrick, Rohit Kulkarni, Ronald M Evans, Jerrold Olefsky & Marc Montminy Nature Medicine 10, 530-534 (2004) In the version of this article initially published online, the legend descriptions of(More)
In this study, we investigated the chronic in vivo effect of adiponectin on insulin sensitivity and glucose metabolism by overexpressing the adiponectin protein in male Wistar rats using intravenous administration of an adenovirus (Adv-Adipo). Virally infected liver secreted adiponectin as high and low molecular weight complexes. After 7 days of(More)
Insulin resistance is a major hallmark in the development of type 2 diabetes, which is characterized by an impaired ability of insulin to inhibit glucose output from the liver and to promote glucose uptake in muscle. The nuclear hormone receptor coactivator PGC-1 (peroxisome proliferator-activated (PPAR)-γ coactivator-1) has been implicated in the onset of(More)