Hiroaki Sakai

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Effect of increasing blood viscosity during extreme hemodilution on capillary perfusion and tissue oxygenation was investigated in the awake hamster skinfold model. Two isovolemic hemodilution steps were performed with 6% Dextran 70 [molecular weight (MW) = 70,000] until systemic hematocrit (Hct) was reduced by 65%. A third step reduced Hct by 75% and was(More)
We investigated the relationship between the microscopic elastic and hysteretic behavior of the alveolar walls and the macroscopic mechanical properties of the whole lung in an in vivo elastase-treated rat model of emphysema. We measured the input impedance of isolated lungs at three levels of transpulmonary pressure (Ptp) and used a linear model to(More)
PURPOSE Computed tomography studies demonstrate thickening of the asthmatic airway wall and its relation to disease severity. We evaluated the effect of inhaled corticosteroid on this phenomenon. METHODS Cross-sectional images of the right upper lobe apical segmental bronchus were obtained by helical computed tomography in 45 corticosteroid-naïve patients(More)
BACKGROUND One method of countering chronic lung donor shortages is the practice of donation after cardiac death (DCD). However, this technique inevitably leads to pulmonary dysfunction related to warm ischemia. One promising method of alleviating this problem is ventilation. However, it can rarely be initiated from the onset of cardiac arrest, particularly(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is characterized by airflow obstruction and persistent inflammation in the airways and lung parenchyma. Oxidative stress contributes to the pathogenesis of COPD. Interleukin (IL)-32 expression has been reported to increase in the lung tissue of patients with COPD. Here, we show that IFNγ upregulated(More)
Swyer-James syndrome was first described in 1953 as unilateral pulmonary emphysema in a 6-year-old boy. The characteristic feature of this syndrome is unilateral pulmonary hyperlucency on a chest X-ray film. Typical symptoms include recurrent chest infections, chronic cough, wheezing, and exertional dyspnea. Although there have been a few reports of(More)
After lung transplantation, early detection of acute allograft rejection is important not only for timely and optimal treatment, but also for the prediction of chronic rejection which is a major cause of late death. Many biological and immunological approaches have been developed to detect acute rejection; however, it is not well known whether lung(More)
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