Hiroaki Nozawa

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Matrix metalloprotease type 9 (MMP-9) has been functionally implicated in VEGF activation, the induction and maintenance of chronic angiogenesis, and early stage tumor growth in a number of mouse models of cancer. In this article, we have identified two inflammatory cell types that are major sources of MMP-9 in the angiogenic stages of pancreatic islet(More)
OBJECTIVE We examined a microdissemination of cancer cells in lymph nodes and assessed its clinical and biologic characteristics. METHODS Both primary tumors and lymph nodes (2030 nodes) were obtained from 122 patients with primary stage I lung cancer who underwent curative operations with routine systematic nodal dissection of both the hilar and the(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to assess whether the neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and other laboratory markers may predict the prognosis of advanced colorectal cancer (CRC) patients receiving palliative chemotherapy. METHODS The study population included 50 patients with far advanced or recurrent unresectable CRC who received(More)
BACKGROUND Intraoperative colonic irrigation and intraoperative on-table colonoscopy may be useful for a more accurate diagnosis of colorectal cancer before colectomy in patients with obstructive left-sided colorectal cancer, but the clinical benefit of this technique has not been investigated in large-scale studies. OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to(More)
Both hepatic steatosis (HS) and colorectal cancer (CRC) are conditions associated with metabolic syndrome. The liver is the most frequent site of distant metastasis of CRC; however, the impact of HS on the incidence of liver metastasis of CRC is not clearly defined. Then, the correlation with the presence or absence of HS was analyzed. A total of 604 CRC(More)
PURPOSE Pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (PNETs), although rare, often metastasize, such that surgery, the only potentially curative therapy, is not possible. There is no effective systemic therapy for patients with advanced PNETs. Therefore, new strategies are needed. Toward that end, we investigated the potential benefit of dual therapeutic targeting of(More)
The platelet to lymphocyte ratio (PLR) is a potential prognostic marker in a number of different cancers. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prognostic impact of the PLR in patients with stage II colorectal cancer (CRC) who have undergone curative resection but not adjuvant chemotherapy. A retrospective review was performed on 234 patients with stage(More)
We investigated the Akt-mTOR pathway and effects of rapamycin using human colorectal cancer cell lines. LoVo and CaRI reduced proliferative activity in response to rapamycin in a dose-dependent manner. The phosphorylation of Akt and p70 S6K was prominent in these cells. Rapamycin quickly downregulated phospho-S6K but not phospho-Akt. Therefore, phospho-S6K(More)
Previous studies in the K14-HPV/E(2) mouse model of cervical carcinogenesis demonstrated that infiltrating macrophages are the major source of matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP-9), a metalloprotease important for tumor angiogenesis and progression. We observed increased expression of the macrophage chemoattractant, CCL2, and its receptor, CCR2, concomitant(More)
We assessed the association of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and nm23 expression with occult micrometastasis in lung cancer. As destination sites for micrometastasis, we scrutinized lymph node (LN) and bone marrow (BM) specimens. For LN, 122 stage I patients who had received curative operations were studied. As regards BM, 203 patients in stage(More)