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OBJECT Postoperative C-5 palsy is a significant complication resulting from cervical decompression procedures. Moreover, when cervical degenerative diseases are treated with a combination of decompression and posterior instrumented fusion, patients are at increased risk for C-5 palsy. However, the clinical and radiological features of this condition remain(More)
OBJECT The cervical pedicle screw (PS) provides strong stabilization but poses a potential risk to the neurovascular system, which may be catastrophic. In particular, vertebrae with degenerative changes complicate the process of screw insertion, and PS misplacement and subsequent complications are more frequent. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the(More)
Brain dysfunction and blood flow velocity changes in the middle cerebral artery (MCAFV) were studied in 59 patients with ruptured cerebral aneurysms presenting subarachnoid hemorrhage. Brain function and blood flow velocity were evaluated by multimodality evoked potentials (MEPs) consisting of ABR, SEP and VEP as reported, and transcranial Doppler (TCD)(More)
Various surgical procedures have been tried for patients with Moyamoya disease. The most effective treatment, however, is still controversial. We retrospectively evaluated the long-term results of 71 patients (26 men and 45 women) with Moyamoya disease surgically treated in our institute. They consisted of 56 pediatric patients (younger than 15 years) and(More)
This experimental study evaluated the effect of intrathecal injection of tissue-type plasminogen activator followed by cisternal drainage in the ultra-early stage of aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage to prevent vasospasm. Twenty Japanese white rabbits were divided into five groups. Either tPA (groups A, B, and E) or saline (groups C and D) was injected(More)
Neutrophils are important effector cells of acute inflammation because of their potential capacity to synthesize various proinflammatory mediators, and inhibition of their production is expected to result in anti-inflammatory effects. In this study, we investigate the effects of the anti-inflammatory cytokines, interleukin-10 (IL-10) and IL-4, on prostanoid(More)
This study examines the effect of a novel immunosuppressive agent FK-506 (FK) on the survivability of embryonic (E14) rat ventral mesencephalic tissue after intracerebral grafting to the lateral ventricle of adult mice. The recipient mice were given FK in doses of 10 mg/kg or 1 mg/kg for 2 weeks postgrafting, at which time they were sacrificed and(More)
Unit activities of 148 secondary vestibular neurons related to the posterior semicircular canal were recorded extracellularly in anesthetized cats. Axonal projections of these neurons were examined by their antidromic responses to stimulation of the excitatory target motoneurons of the contralateral (c-) inferior rectus muscle (IR) and bilateral (bi-)(More)
AIM To investigate the usefulness of embolising cerebral arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) with a cellulose acetate polymer solution before surgical resection. METHODS The cases of 12 patients with AVMs treated by embolisation before surgical resection were renewed. Two types of cellulose acetate polymer solutions were used to occlude 40 feeding vessels.(More)