Hiroaki Nakamura

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The aims of this study were to compare the ability of tests measuring fasting plasma glucose, 2-h plasma glucose and HbA1c levels in predicting specific diabetic retinopathy, and to determine the cut-off level of each measurement for diagnosing diabetes in a Japanese population. In a total of 1637 subjects, fasting plasma glucose, 2-h plasma glucose and(More)
Inference of the population and ancestry to which an individual belongs is important in forensic individualization and personal identification. In this study, five polymorphisms of the membrane-associated transporter protein (MATP) gene were investigated in German and Japanese populations. The L374F mutation was present at an allele frequency as high as(More)
We studied the MRI appearances of the brain in 159 patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) and 2566 agematched individuals without DM (controls). The images were reviewed for cerebral infarcts, hemorrhage, atrophy and subcortical arteriosclerotic encephalopathy. Cerebral atrophy was significantly more frequent in patients with DM than in controls (P>0.005)(More)
The formation and transformation of the pharyngeal arch arteries in the mouse embryo, from 8.5 to 13 days of gestation (DG), was observed using scanning electron microscopy of vascular casts and graphic reconstruction of 1-microm serial epoxy-resin sections. Late in 8.5-9DG (12 somites), the paired ventral aortae were connected to the dorsal aortae via a(More)
We evaluated the spastic gait of patients with cervical myelopathy with a three-dimensional gait analysis system. Fifteen patients with cervical myelopathy (S group) were investigated. The results obtained were compared with those of normal volunteers (N group). The S group exhibited significant reduction of gait velocity and step length (p < 0.01). In the(More)
There are few reports of the Oxford unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) survival rate in Asia. This study describes outcomes of 1279 Oxford UKAs for Japanese patients. The mean follow-up was 5.2 years. We divided patients into two groups based on preoperative indications (extended indications group and strict indications group). The Oxford knee score(More)
The biostimulatory effects of laser irradiation focus not only in the field of soft tissue but also bone formation. Studies have shown that the light of a nanosecond pulsed laser which has a high peak power can produce stress waves in tissue. We have hypothesized that nanosecond pulsed laser irradiation stimulates bone formation. Our aim was to clarify the(More)
STUDY DESIGN Evaluation of the long-term results for single fully segmented hemivertebrae were subjected to single-stage excision via posterior approach alone. OBJECTIVES To describe the long-term results of this procedure. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA In the case of congenital spinal deformity caused by a single, full hemivertebra, excision of the(More)
BACKGROUND The navigation system was introduced to orthopaedic surgery in the 1990s. More recently, CT-based navigation systems have been used more commonly in spine and joint replacement surgery because of their precision. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES The aim of our study was to evaluate the accuracy and efficacy of navigation-assisted excision of bone and soft(More)
ABO grouping of biological specimens is informative for identifying victims and narrowing down suspects. In Japan and elsewhere, ABO grouping as well as DNA profiling plays an essential role in crime investigations. In the present study, we developed a new method for ABO genotyping using allele-specific primers and real-time PCR. The method allows for the(More)