Hiroaki Miyajima

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BACKGROUND Neurodegeneration with brain iron accumulation (NBIA) defines a group of genetic disorders characterized by brain iron deposition and associated with neuronal death. The known causes of NBIA include pantothenate kinase-associated neurodegeneration (PKAN), neuroferritinopathy, infantile neuroaxonal dystrophy (INAD), and aceruloplasminemia. (More)
Chediak-Higashi syndrome (CHS) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by severe immunologic defects, reduced pigmentation, bleeding tendency, and progressive neurological dysfunction. Most patients present in early childhood and die unless treated by bone marrow transplantation. About 10-15% of patients exhibit a much milder clinical phenotype(More)
Ceruloplasmin is an abundant alpha 2-serum glycoprotein that contains 95% of the copper found in the plasma of vertebrate species. We report here on the identification of a genetic defect in the ceruloplasmin gene in a patient previously noted to have a total absence of circulating serum ceruloplasmin in association with late-onset retinal and basal ganglia(More)
n engl j med 360;17 nejm.org april 23, 2009 1792 McAdams M, Staffa J, Dal Pan G. Estimating the extent of 1. reporting to FDA: a case study of statin-associated rhabdomyolysis. Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf 2008;17:229-39. Abraham SC, Cruz-Correa M, Lee LA, Yardley JH, Wu T-T. 2. Alendronate-associated esophageal injury: pathologic and endoscopic features. Mod(More)
Both tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha) and Fas ligand (FasL) have been implicated in the pathogenesis of graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). In this study, we examined the ameliorating effects of neutralizing anti-FasL and/or anti-TNFalpha monoclonal antibody (MoAb) in a lethal acute GVHD model in mice. Whereas the treatment with either anti-FasL or(More)
Ceruloplasmin, a multi-copper ferroxidase that affects the distribution of tissue iron, has antioxidant effects through the oxidation of ferrous iron to ferric iron. Aceruloplasminemia is an inherited disorder of iron metabolism due to the complete lack of ceruloplasmin ferroxidase activity caused by mutations in the ceruloplasmin gene. It is characterized(More)
A 52-year-old woman had a newly recognized disorder of familial hypoceruloplasminemia, blepharospasm, retinal degeneration, and high-density areas in CT of the basal ganglia and liver scan. Immunofixation electrophoresis disclosed apoceruloplasmin deficiency. Kinetic, x-ray analysis, and histochemical study showed accumulation of iron in liver and brain,(More)
Glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD) is the main target of humoral autoimmunity in patients with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) and stiff-person syndrome. We reviewed the case of a 46-year-old woman who had cerebellar ataxia before getting stiff-person syndrome and IDDM with high anti-GAD autoantibody titers. This was a rare case in which there(More)
Mitochondrial trifunctional protein (TP), an enzyme of beta-oxidation, is a multienzyme complex composed of four molecules of the alpha-subunit (HADHA) containing the enoyl-CoA hydratase and 3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase domains and four molecules of the beta-subunit (HADHB) containing the 3-ketoacyl-CoA thiolase domain. An inborn error of this enzyme(More)
The authors performed PINK1 mutation analysis of 51 families with autosomal recessive Parkinson disease (ARPD). They found two novel PINK1 mutations: one was a homozygous deletion (13516-18118del) and the other a homozygous missense mutation (C388R). Clinically, the patients with the deletion had dementia. Thus, early-onset PD with dementia may be(More)