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We investigated the capacity of a clonal osteogenic cell line MC3T3-E1, established from newborn mouse calvaria and selected on the basis of high alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity in the confluent state, to differentiate into osteoblasts and mineralize in vitro. The cells in the growing state showed a fibroblastic morphology and grew to form multiple(More)
Circulating CD14+ monocytes are precursors of phagocytes, such as macrophages and dendritic cells. Here we report primitive cells with a fibroblast-like morphology derived from human peripheral blood CD14+ monocytes that can differentiate into several distinct mesenchymal cell lineages. We named this cell population monocyte-derived mesenchymal progenitor(More)
G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR)-evoked signal transduction pathways leading to the activation of extracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERK) are quite different among cell types. In cardiomyocytes, much attention has been focused on the activation of protein kinase C (PKC) or mobilization of intracellular Ca(2+) ([Ca(2+)](i)), however, the contributions(More)
We demonstrated previously that a single injection of recombinant human macrophage colony-stimulating factor (rhM-CSF) is sufficient for osteoclast recruitment and survival in osteopetrotic (op/op) mice with a deficiency in osteoclasts resulting from a mutation in M-CSF gene. In this study, we show that a single injection of recombinant human vascular(More)
A clonal preadipose cell line MC3T3-G2/PA6, established from newborn mouse calvaria, responds to glucocorticoids and converts to adipose cells in a fashion similar to bone marrow preadipocytes. We investigated the effect of the cells on in vitro hemopoiesis of mouse bone marrow cells by cocultivation. When bone marrow cells were inoculated into confluent(More)
We investigated five cases of cardiac myxoma and one case of cardiac undifferentiated sarcoma by light and electron microscopy, in situ hybridization, immunohistochemical staining, and reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction for cardiomyocyte-specific transcription factors, Nkx2.5/Csx, GATA-4, MEF2, and eHAND. Conventional light microscopy revealed(More)
Tenascin-C (TN-C) is unique for its cell adhesion modulatory function. We have shown that TNIIIA2, a synthetic 22-mer peptide derived from TN-C, stimulated beta1 integrin-mediated cell adhesion of nonadherent and adherent cell types, by inducing activation of beta1 integrin. The active site of TNIIIA2 appeared cryptic in the TN-C molecule but was exposed by(More)
Previously, we reported a unique CD14+CD45+CD34+type I collagen+ cell fraction derived from human circulating CD14+ monocytes, named monocyte-derived mesenchymal progenitors (MOMPs). These primitive cells differentiate along mesenchymal lineages, including bone, cartilage, fat, and skeletal muscle. Here, we demonstrate that CD14+ monocytes generate MOMPs(More)
We previously reported a primitive cell fraction derived from human circulating CD14+ monocytes, named monocyte-derived multipotential cells (MOMC), that can differentiate along mesenchymal lineages, including bone, cartilage, fat, skeletal muscle and cardiac muscle. In this study, we investigated whether MOMC can differentiate into the neuronal lineage.(More)
We previously reported a unique CD14(+)CD45(+)CD34(+) type I collagen(+) cell fraction derived from human circulating CD14(+) monocytes, named monocyte-derived multipotential cells (MOMCs). This primitive cell population contains progenitors capable of differentiating along the mesenchymal and neuronal lineages. Here, we investigated whether MOMCs can also(More)