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We have isolated two maize cDNAs and the corresponding genes encoding fatty acid desaturase with Arabidopsis thaliana FAD7 gene as a probe. They shared almost 90% identity at DNA sequence level. Northern analysis revealed that both genes are expressed in leaves, but not in roots at normal temperature- and low temperature-growth condition. The overall level(More)
Circulating CD14+ monocytes are precursors of phagocytes, such as macrophages and dendritic cells. Here we report primitive cells with a fibroblast-like morphology derived from human peripheral blood CD14+ monocytes that can differentiate into several distinct mesenchymal cell lineages. We named this cell population monocyte-derived mesenchymal progenitor(More)
G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR)-evoked signal transduction pathways leading to the activation of extracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERK) are quite different among cell types. In cardiomyocytes, much attention has been focused on the activation of protein kinase C (PKC) or mobilization of intracellular Ca(2+) ([Ca(2+)](i)), however, the contributions(More)
Tenascin-C (TN-C) is unique for its cell adhesion modulatory function. We have shown that TNIIIA2, a synthetic 22-mer peptide derived from TN-C, stimulated beta1 integrin-mediated cell adhesion of nonadherent and adherent cell types, by inducing activation of beta1 integrin. The active site of TNIIIA2 appeared cryptic in the TN-C molecule but was exposed by(More)
Small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) are a key component of RNA silencing, including cosuppression. Here, we show an example in which siRNA does not serve in the downregulation of target genes. A tobacco endoplasmic reticulum omega-3 fatty acid desaturase (NtFAD3) catalyzes the formation of alpha-linolenate (18:3). Introduction of the NtFAD3 gene into tobacco(More)
ω-3 fatty acid desaturases, which catalyse the conversion of linoleic acid (18:2) to linolenic acid (18:3) in lipids, are located in the microsomes and plastid membranes. Transgenic tobacco plants were produced that express the transcripts of a tobacco microsomal ω-3 fatty acid desaturase gene (NtFad3) in antisense and sense orientations under the control(More)
The Arabidopsis FAD7 gene encodes a chloroplast ω-3 fatty acid desaturase that catalyzes the desaturation of lipid-linked dienoic fatty acids (18:2 and 16:2). An 825 bp FAD7 promoter fragment upstream from the transcriptional start point contained several short sequences which were homologous to the cis-elements (box II, G-box, etc.) conserved in many(More)
A system of synchronous cell division was established by starvation of auxin and its readdition to suspension cultures of cells of Catharanthus roseus L. cv. Little-Pinky. When cells in the stationary phase were transferred to fresh medium free of 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D), cells were arrested preferentially at the G1 phase. After cells had(More)
Trienoic fatty acids, namely α-linolenic acid and hexadecatrienoic acid, present in leaf lipids are produced by ω-3 fatty acid desaturases located in the endoplasmic reticulum and plastid membranes. The changes in the level of trienoic fatty acids during leaf maturation were investigated in wild-type plants of Arabidopsis thaliana (L.) Heynh. and in the(More)
To isolate cDNAs expressed at a specific phase of the cell cycle in a higher plant, we performed differential screening of a cDNA library prepared from the S-phase cells of synchronized cultures of Catharanthus roseus. Sequence analysis shows that two of the identified cDNAs, cyc15 and cyc17, encode extensins that represent a family of cell wall(More)