Hiroaki Kiyokawa

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The mechanism by which cyclin-dependent kinase 4 (CDK4) regulates cell cycle progression is not entirely clear. Cyclin D/CDK4 appears to initiate phosphorylation of retinoblastoma protein (Rb) leading to inactivation of the S-phase-inhibitory action of Rb. However, cyclin D/CDK4 has been postulated to act in a noncatalytic manner to regulate the cyclin(More)
The cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p27(Kip1) is known as a negative regulator of cell-cycle progression and as a tumour suppressor. Cdk2 is the main target of p27 (refs 2, 3) and therefore we hypothesized that loss of Cdk2 activity should modify the p27(-/-) mouse phenotype. Here, we show that although p27(-/-) Cdk2(-/-) mice developed ovary tumours and(More)
During development of the central nervous system, oligodendrocyte progenitor cells (O-2A) undergo an orderly pattern of cell proliferation and differentiation, culminating in the ability of oligodendrocytes to myelinate axons. Here we report that p27(Kip1), a cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor, is an important component of the decision of O-2A cells to(More)
SUMMARY Disruption of the cyclin-dependent kinase-inhibitory domain of p27 enhances growth of mice. Growth is attributed to an increase in cell number, due to increased cell proliferation, most obviously in tissues that ordinarily express p27 at the highest levels. Disruption of p27 function leads to nodular hyperplasia in the intermediate lobe of the(More)
p21Cip1/WAF1 was the first cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) inhibitor to be identified, as a mediator of p53 in DNA damage-induced growth arrest, cell senescence, and direct CDK regulation. p21 may also play an important role in differentiation-associated growth arrest, as its expression is augmented in many terminally differentiating cells. A general(More)
The Forkhead Box (Fox) proteins are an extensive family of transcription factors that shares homology in the winged helix DNA-binding domain and whose members play essential roles in cellular proliferation, differentiation, transformation, longevity, and metabolic homeostasis. Liver regeneration studies with transgenic mice demonstrated that FoxM1B(More)
In eukaryotic cells, the coordinated activation of different cyclin-dependent kinases regulates entry into S-phase. In vitro and in nonproliferating cells, p27 associates with and inhibits cyclin/cycin-dependent kinase (CDK) holoenzymes containing either CDK4, CDK6, or CDK2. Although many different types of proliferating cells contain p27 protein, neither(More)
CDC25A is a critical regulator of cell cycle progression and checkpoint response. Overexpression of this cyclin-dependent kinase phosphatase occurs often in human cancers. Our recent genetic studies in the mouse indicate that restricting CDC25A can limit tumorigenesis induced by the HER2/neu-RAS oncogenic pathway without compromising normal cell division or(More)
Ing1 belongs to the family of evolutionary conserved genes encoding nuclear PHD finger-containing proteins implicated in a variety of processes, including tumorigenesis, replicative senescence, excision repair and response to genotoxic stress. We have generated mice deficient in all the isoforms of Ing1 by targeted disruption of the exon that is common for(More)
Cell cycle regulators such as E2F1 and retinoblastoma (RB) play crucial roles in the control of adipogenesis, mostly by controlling the transition between preadipocyte proliferation and adipocyte differentiation. The serine-threonine kinase cyclin-dependent kinase 4 (cdk4) works in a complex with D-type cyclins to phosphorylate RB, mediating the entry of(More)